Social Studies:Common Exam

Democracy:power is exercised by all citizens, either directly or through their elected representatives.

Direct:All citizens participate in government.

Representative:Like direct democracy, all citizens participate in government.

Autocracy: political power is controlled by one individual such as a monarch, dictator, emperor, etc.

Monarch:Rule by kings, queens, princes, and princesses… sometimes by other names, but always MONARCHS!

Absolute Monarch:Leaders usually gain their power because their parents were rulers too.

Constitutional Monarch:Some modern monarchies like Spain and Japan have constitutions.

Dictatorship:In a dictatorship, power is not inherited, but is acquired by force (military or political).

Theocracy:is controlled by one individual such as a monarch, dictator, emperor,etc.

Oligarchy: "Rule by few” Oligarchies can often come from or lead to other forms of government (like autocracies).

Anarchy:No government at all.In an anarchy there is no government to make or enforce laws.

Communism:is a form of socialism-a higher and more advanced form,according to its advances.