Social Studies Vocabulary By: Laniha Arrington MESSIAH Messiah: A great leader the ancient Jews predicted would come to restore the greatness of Israel. Jesus's life and teachingsform the basis of a religion called christianity. The holy book of christianity. The town that Jesus was born in at the end of the first century BC. Jesus's rise from the dead. Disciples are groups of what Jesus appeared to after he rose from the dead. a person known and admired for his or her holiness.