By: Rachel Martin
The Dutch and the English and the French owned most of Guyana, but many of the colonies were owned by the Dutch.
Wars broke out between them and in the end the British was the main rulers of Guyana, and which Guyana became British Guyana 1831.
By the time 1834 came around slavery was outlawed and the great need for workers lead to a large amount of Immigration. Most of the people who immigrated were East Indians, today about 36% of the population is African descendant.
Soon British Guyana wanted to be free from the British when other countries wanted to be free also. Soon a tribe of Guyana voiced their claim to a large area of Guyana.
Guyana's flag's colors represent many different things about their country. The flag had five symbolic colors: Green represents the agricultural and forested nature of Guyana, white symbolizes the rivers and water potential of the country, Gold represents Guyana's mineral wealth, Black portrays the endurance that will sustain the forward thrust of their people and Red represents the zeal and dynamic nature of nation-building which lies before the young and independent Guyana.
For Guyana, sports is another way for this amazing country to express itself . Sports lives in the heart of many Guyanese people. They participate in many sports, such as:
Boxing: the sport or practice of fighting with the fists, especially with padded gloves in a roped square ring according to prescribed rules
Football: a game played by two teams of eleven players with a round ball that may not be touched with the hands or arms during play except by the goalkeepers. The object of the game is to score goals by kicking or heading the ball into the opponents' goal
Rugby: a team game played with an oval ball that may be kicked, carried, and passed from hand to hand. Points are scored by grounding the ball behind the opponents' goal line (thereby scoring a try) or by kicking it between the two posts and over the crossbar of the opponents' goal
Table Tennis: an indoor game based on tennis, played with small paddles and a ball bounced on a table divided by a net
Bad mitten and Squash: a game with rackets in which a shuttlecock is played back and forth across a net/ a racket sport played by two (singles) or four players (doubles) in a four-walled court with a small, hollow rubber ball. The players must alternate in striking the ball with their racket and hit the ball onto the playable surfaces of the four walls of the court.
Cycling: the sport or activity of riding a bicycle. Bicycle racing has three main forms: road racing (typically over long distances), track racing (on an oval track), and cyclocross (over rough, open country)
Motor Racing: the sport of racing cars or other vehicles
Horse Racing: the sport in which horses and their riders take part in races, typically with substantial betting on the outcome
Martial Arts: various sports or skills, mainly of Japanese origin, that originated as forms of self-defense or attack, such as judo, karate, and kendo
Basketball: a game played between two teams of five players in which goals are scored by throwing a ball through a netted hoop fixed above each end of the court
Swimming: the sport or activity of propelling oneself through water using the limbs
Volleyball: a game for two teams, usually of six players, in which a large ball is hit by hand over a high net, the aim being to score points by making the ball reach the ground on the opponent's side of the court
Government, Money, Official Language, and Imports/Exports
The Guyana government is much like our government in America. It is lead by a president (Donald Ramotar) Politics of Guyana takes place in a framework of a representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Guyana is the head of government, and of a multiparty system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly of Guyana. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
Money: Guyana money is called a Guyanese dollar and is a currency
Official Language: English, but however speak Guyanese Creole
Imports/ Exports: Exports: Gold, Rice, Raw Sugar, Aluminum Ore, Imports: Refined Petroleum, Large Constriction Vehicles, Computers
Geography and Climate
Guyana is located between Brasilien and Suriname on the border of South America looking off to the Atlantic Ocean. Guyana is a medium sized country about the size of Idaho. Guyana has many different types of land forms raging from mountains to swamps and coastal plains, to a hillier sandy region in the east.
Guyana's mountain ranges include the Pakaraima, Kanuku and Acarai. Many of them are low mountains with steep cliffs, also Guyana has a lot of massive waterfalls. Including one of the most powerful falls in the world. Kaieteur falls. Ranging to about five times larger than the Niagara Falls, and about two times larger than the height of the Victoria Falls, this land form is truly a massive falls of pure beauty.
Guyana's climate is warm and tropical throughout the year. The rainfall is generally high for most of the year, as is the humidity. December to January and May to June are the rainy seasons, while in coastal areas the climate is tempered by sea breezes.
Holidays and Interesting Facts
Holidays in Guyana are much like ours. They have Christmas, and New Years, but they also have holidays that we celebrate and never have heard of such as:
- Good Friday
- Boxing Day (a holiday traditionally celebrated the day following Christmas Day, when servants and tradesmen would receive gifts, known as a "Christmas box", from their bosses or employers
- Diwali or Divali (also known as Deepavali and the "festival of lights" is an ancient Hindu festival celebrated in autumn every year)
Guyana also has a lot of interesting facts that make this country:
- English is the official language of Guyana, which is the only South American country with English as the official language
- the third-smallest country in South America after Suriname and Uruguay
- Guyana highest point: Mount Roraima 2,835 m
- Guyana lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
- About 2% of Guyana's land is arable
- Guyana birth rate is 17 births/1,000 population
- Guyana ethnic groups:
East Indian - 43.5%
black (African) - 30.2%
mixed - 16.7%
Amerindian - 9.1%
other - 0.5%