The Nazi regime used rail transport as one method to forcibly rearrange the ethnic composition of eastern Europe within the framework of World War II. In 1941, the Nazi leadership decided to implement the "Final Solution," People were forced to move from their homes from places outside of German control, such as, Ireland, Sweden, Turkey, and Great Britain. During the journey, people were given no food or water. They endured intense heat in the summer and freezing temperatures during the winter. The rail cart were overpacked and very unsanitary.