Injuries in sport
             basketball

In this video we see how simple an injury can occur from just jumping in the air and landing.  In this video you'll see a compound fracture.  

Injuries to basketball players are usually minor, mostly sprains and strains. The ankle and knee are the most common sites of injury, followed by the lower back, hand, and wrists. Also a common injury in basketball is eye injuries because competing for the ball can have people sticking fingers in people's eyes. To minimize risks associated with Basketball you would take certain safety precautions for example, Basketball players wear special footwear to give extra support to their ankles.

non contact sport - a foul will be given if a player is caught doing the following: hitting, pushing , slapping, holding and illegal blocking. This is in place to minimise the injuries because if it wasn't in place there would be one or more player injured every week due to the nature of the sport.

Jewellery- no player is allowed to wear neck jewellery, wrist jewellery or earrings while playing basketball. This is done to protect the players and keep them from getting injured while playing. Players who attempt to come into the game while wearing jewelry will be prevented by the referee until the jewelry is removed.

other rules about players safety to prevent injuries.

The location must also be safe - the court should be kept dry and avoid of obstacles around its perimeter, as players' momentum can occasionally carry them off the court. The basketball facility should also have an available first-aid kit, and at least one coach or parent volunteer should be versed in basic first aid. The backboards should be structurally sound and able to withstand pressure from the ball and even occasionally dunks.

if some one has broken their leg their are certain symptoms to look out for e.g. it would be severely painful, swollen or bruised and won't be able to walk or able much pressure on the leg. You may find that the bone has spilt and is poking out of the skin. you might on heard a crack in the leg causing the individual to be shocked of what he has heard, leading him to feel faint, dizzy or even sick. To treat the broken leg you would firstly get an x-ray to see the severity of the injury then an pot cast would be placed around the leg to assist the injured and heal it back to normal. For this type of injury you are looking to around 6- weeks until it is fixed but to get back to playing you would have to strengthen the leg so around 3 to 4 months possibly more on the intent of the break.

the symptom of a sprained ankle would instant pain. you might see straight away swelling it can also flare up or even bruised. the ankle would be very pain full to touch and it would hurt trying to move it. if it is more severe you may hear it or feel it tear, along with a pop or a snap sound. to treat such an injury you would use the R.I.C.E technique to get the ankle back to health, or need an x-ray to see how severe the ankle actually is.

Generally, after an ankle sprain you will probably be able to walk a week or two after the injury. You may be able to use your ankle fully after six to eight weeks, and you will probably be able to return to sporting activities after eight to 12 weeks.

another symptom of a sprained knee during basketball would be that you would see the pain in a lot of pain, maybe screaming and shouting. also depend on the ligament damage to see how bad it actually is. also you might hear a popping or a snapping sound during that time if that happens it could mean that the ligament has completely torn in your knee. also tenderness around the knee making painful to touch. with a knee injury the following treatment should be abled with ice at first to bring down the swelling, then a brace would be worn to restructure the knee and then gradual exercise on the knee to regain it strength. in most knee injuries if there is ligament damage it may need surgery if so you are looking around 9-12 months before complete recovery this is for your PCL. if you ACL has torn you are looking around 6 months before it has completely recovered and back to sport.

when a injury has occurred on the court the first person would be the physiotherapist he would have a quick glance at the injury to see if he is able to carry on, if not he would escorted by the physio, then the physio will have a more detailed look at the injury then he'll be taken to the changing room were the physio will pass the information on to the doctor to examine the injury then will be taken to hospital for an x-ray.

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