Border Disputes in Kashmir

The ongoing conflict between India and Pakistan

From The Economist

The Conflict

Kashmir is the Himmalayan region bordering India, Pakistan, and China. After the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, Kashmir was given the choice to join the either nation or remain independent. Initially it was an independent country but soon joined India. After the Indo Pakistan wars of 1947, the Line of Control divided Kashmir between India and Pakistan; however constant border crossings and disputes continues the conflict in Kashmir.

Current Issue

The border dispute in Kashmir has escalated and has took 20 lives and left thousands homeless recently in October 2014. Both the Indian Defense Minister and Pakistani officials blame the other country for being the aggressor and causing this tension  in the disputed border. Many people living in villages close to the border have escaped the cross border fire by living in relief camps established by the state government and the Indian Army, as it is often too dangerous to even walk outside.

Conduct of Conflict

Though this conflict is between two nations seeking more territory on a disputed border, often times civilians are being killed. In the recent outburst of violence in October of 2014, 20 people were killed, thousands of villagers were homeless, and 25,000 villagers were forced to live in relief camps for their own safety. Residents of Jora Farms stated that six people have been wounded by trying to milk their livestock, and 26 farm animals have been killed, showing how dangerous it is for these villagers to even step outside. Liaqat Ali, a resident of Jora Farm, said that "We will never go back to our village."

Indian Soldiers on the border - From Ibitimes

Nonviolent Solutions

Though there have been attempts in the past to control this dispute, such as the creation of the Line of Control, the border and disputed territory is very heavily guarded by the military of both India and Pakistan and therefore violent outbreaks are more common than the non violent attempts. In addition because there is such a huge military presence in the region, non violent movements often are stopped.


Kumar, Hari. "Indian Defense Chief Blames Pakistan for Kashmir Conflict."The New York   Times. The New York Times, 09 Oct. 2014. Web. 04 May 2015.             <>.

Basu, Moni. "Kashmir: India and Pakistan's Bitter Dispute." CNN. Cable News Network,   26 Sept. 2010. Web. 04 May 2015.   <>.

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