Principles of Art

-the rules, tools and/or guidelines that artists use to organize the elements of art in an artwork.

Balance

-the distribution of the visual weight of objects, colors, texture, and space.

Unity

-the feeling of harmony between all parts of the work of art, which creates a sense of completeness.

Contrast

-the arrangement of opposite elements (light vs. dark colors, rough vs. smooth textures, large vs. small shapes, etc.) in a piece so as to create visual interest, excitement and drama.

Emphasis

-the part of the design that catches the viewer's attention. Usually the artist will make one area stand out by contrasting it with other areas. The area could be different in size, color, texture, shape, etc.

Pattern

-the repeating of an object or symbol all over the work of art.

Movement/Rhythm

-the path the viewer's eye takes through the work of art, often to focal areas. Such movement can be directed along  lines, edges, shape, and color with the work of art. Also it is created when one or more elements of design are used repeatedly to create a feeling of organized movement.

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