Fidel Castro
(Leader of Cuba)
Megan Murphy

1) Profile of Fidel Castro

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz was born August 13, 1926, in a small village in Cuba. Castro was president of Cuba from 1976-2008 after he overthrew Fulgencio Batista. He then made Cuba into a one-party socialist state under communists rule. He was in close contact with Russia and that is what made the US nervous about him, they even tried to assassinate Castro. Castro was a ruthless leader, killing more than 20,000 people. Castro has 9 children with 2 wives, but he is no longer married.

2) Audio/Visual/Artistic Element

  • This piece explained the life of Fidel Castro. Son of sugar cane, earned respect early on in life, excelled academically and athletically. He then went to college and joined many intelectual groups. When he graduated he participated 2 foreign uprisings, Columbia and Dominican Republic. Castro ended the reign of Fulgencio Batista in 1959. Now Castro is the leader of Cuba and a hero to everyone he "saved". He was a symbol of hope for the lower class citizens, but a threat to the US. Fidel helped orchestrate the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962, they were now in "striking distance" of the US. The US now wanted nothing to do with Cuba and they cut their ties in 1963. After he started a movement to nationalize health care. Fidel Castro was still a dictator. When the Soviet Union collapsed, Cuba had no other foreign ties which meant Cuba was in an economic collapse. Cubans panicked and then fled to the US. In the early 2000 Castro fell ill and handed power over to his brother, he never did take regain power.

3) Creative Piece

Create an original piece of writing that reflects on the legacy of your leader. Some suggestions include:

  • It is April 14, 1992, Havana, Cuba it has been a very difficult couple months. My family and I are hungry and nervous. The Soviet Union has just collapsed and we have no way to get our supplies. Fidel Castro, our leader, is not helping. He is just worried about himself. We have been waiting for two and half weeks for more food. We are getting fed up with him. He seemed like a hero when he rescued us from Fulgencio Batista, but now he is looking like a coward. We have been trying to plan our escape to the US. Our neighbors left about a week ago, but we haven't heard from them since. We are getting a boat this Tuesday to leave this horrible place. I am very anxious and nervous we will be caught by Castro. I will be writing soon, wish me good luck!

4) Essential Question

Why is Fidel Castro, in the eyes of the United States, such a threat?