Fredrica Douglass

Escaped slave, Abolitionist

Chapter 16: The South and the Slavery Controversy pg 349-357

Early Abolitionism

Abolitionism mainly started during the revolution by the Quakers. Antislavery was present in their midst and American Colonization Society also began. They transported slaves to Liberia a place for emancipated slaves. With the idea of abolition and a new energy, abolitionists increased and among them was William Wilberforce a member of the parliament and an evangelized Christian. He enchained slaves in the West Indies,  angering many. He was inflamed by the Second Great Awakening, like Theodore Dwight who was and was expelled from blank blank blank for organizing an 18 day debate on slavery. Regardless he preached across old Northwest about antislavery gospel and wrote "American slavery as It Is (1839) which was the most effective abolitionist tracts and greatly influenced Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin.

Radical Abolitionism

William Lloyd triggered a 30 years was of words by publishing in the ,Liberator, which was an anti slavery newspaper calling for emancipated slaves, of his militarily anti slavery. It was in a sense the first things among others to start the Civil War. Other significant people like sojourner Truth and Martin Delaney contributed in changing slavery also. Truth a free slave fought for emancipated slaves and woman woman rights, while Delany notioned for the recolonization of Africa and overlooked issue. But, the most significant person of that time was of Frederick Douglass, who became one of  few to fight tirelessly  for free slaves. After meeting his future wife Anna Murphy, he attempted to escape again which he succeeded by boarding the train to Havre de Grace as a sailor and ended up in New York to the safe house of abolitionists David Ruggles. Douglas joined the black church and attended abolition meetings and gave his first speech at Mrt Anti Slavery Society annual convention. He empowered many and  joined the American Anti Slavery Society 100 convention where he both preached and was beaten by a mob. Douglas greatly contributed and inspired many during the time he lived.

The South Lashes Back

In the 1820's anti-slavery society were more in the North of the Mason-Dixon line. The nullification Crisis of 1832 implanted hunting fears in White southern minds and in 1836 sensitive southern drove to the house the so called "Gag Resolution" which required all such anti-slavery appeals to be tabled without debate. This aroused ex president John Adams, who was successful in his 8 year fight for repelling it. Also in Virginia they debated and defeated various emancipated proposals which was marked as a turning point since, afterwards slave states tighten slave codes and prohibited emancipation of any kind voluntary or compensated. Other significant events that occurred also was the burning of a pile of abolitionist propaganda in Charleston, South Carolina in 1835.

The Abolitionist Impact in the North

Then North had heavy economic stake in Dixieland and by 1850 the southern planters old they are banks and other creditors about 300 million since the New England textile mill was raised by the slaves, the disruption of labor system might cut off vital supply and bring unemployment. This caused strong hostilities in the North against boat rocking tracts of the radical anti-slaveryites. At the same time in New York a gang broke into Lewis Tappan's New York house and demolished it's interior while a crowd cheered. In 1835 Garrison was dragged through the streets of Boston by so called Broadcloth mob with a rope tied around him. Lastly Reverend Elijah P Lovejoy of Alton, Illinois, printing press was destroyed 4 times and he was killed because he impugned the chastity of Catholic woman and he became the "martyr of abolitionist".

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