Nelson Mandela

Spencer Harris

Nelson Mandela was born on July 18 in Transkei. He was Born Rolihlahla Mandela. He went to school at Qunu in 1925. He got the name Nelson from his teacher there.

In 1937 Nelson Mandela attended Healdtown, the Wesleyan College at Fort Beaufort. His father died when he was a child. In 1939 he enrolled in the University College of Fort Hare in Alice. In 1940 he got expelled. In 1942 he completed BA through the University of South Africa. He joined the African National Congress in 1944 when he helped formed the ANC Youth League. In 1944 he also married Evelyn Mase who was a nurse. They had 2 sons together. They were married until 1958 when they got in a divorce. In 1958 he married Winnie Madikizela and had 2 daughters. Nelson Mandela got in another divorce with Winnie in 1996. In 1952 he was chosen at the National Volunteer-in-Chief of the Defiance Campaign with Maulvi Cachalia as his Deputy. He and 19 others were charged under the Suppression of Communism Act for their part in the campaign and sent to jail. In August 1952 he and Oliver Tambo established South Africa’s first black law firm, Mandela and Tambo. In 1953 he devises the M-Plan for the ANC’s future underground operations. In 1956 he was arrested again and joins 155 others on trial for Treason. They were found not guilty. During 1960 a state of emergency was imposed because of the thousands arrested. Also in 1960 the ANC got banned. In 1962 he moved back to South Africa. Then after that he got arrested and jailed for 5 years for leaving a country without a passport. In 1964 he was sent to jail for life for sabotage in the Rivonia Trial. In 1985 he rejects a deal from the South African President saying if he let down on the violence than he could get freed. Nelson Mandela denied it. In 1990 the ANC is unbanned and Nelson Mandela is released. He was also elected ANC Deputy President in 1990. In 1993 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1994 he voted for the first time. He was also elected as president of South Africa. Then he published his autobiography Long Walk To Freedom. In 1995 he made Mandelas Children Funds. He was diagnosed with prostate cancer in 2001. In 2010 he publishes Conversations With Myself. In 2011 he publishes Nelson Mandela By Himself: The Authorised Book of Quotations.

Then on December 5, 2013 he dies of a lung infection.

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