Julius Caesar And Alexander the Great
Julius Caesar was born in Rome on 12 or 13 July 100 bc into the prestigious Julian clan. His family were closely connected with the Marian faction in Roman politics.The following year he was appointed governor of Roman Gaul where he stayed for eight years, adding the whole of modern France and Belgium to the Roman empire, and making Rome safe from the possibility of Gallic invasions. He made two expeditions to Britain, in 55 bc and 54 bc.
Caesar then returned to Italy, disregarding the authority of the senate and famously crossing the Rubicon river without disbanding his army. In the ensuing civil war Caesar defeated the republican forces. Pompey, their leader, fled to Egypt where he was assassinated. Caesar followed him and became romantically involved with the Egyptian queen, Cleopatra.
Caesar was now master of Rome and made himself consul and dictator. He used his power to carry out much-needed reform, relieving debt, enlarging the senate, building the Forum Iulium and revising the calendar. Dictatorship was always regarded a temporary position but in 44 bc
Alexander the great
Alexander the Great served as king of Macedonia from 336 to 323 b.c. During his leadership, he united Greece, reestablished the Corinthian League and conquered the Persian Empire.
Alexander the Great was born in the Pella region of Macedonia on July 20, 356 b.c., to parents King Philip II of Macedon and Queen Olympia, daughter of King Neoptolemus. The young prince and his sister were raised in Pella's royal court. Growing up, the dark-eyed and curly-headed Alexander hardly ever saw his father, who spent most of his time engaged in military campaigns and extra marital affairs. Although Olympia served as a powerful role model for the boy, Alexander grew to resent his father's absence and philandering.