Yugoslavia and Hungary

Chapter Objective 2

Describe the communist independence of Yugoslavia

Flag of Yugoslavia

Communism That Wasn't From Soviet Union

-Not created from Soviet Union

First opposition against Soviet Union within communist world

-Yugoslavia became communist power without assistance of Soviet Union

Communism not from Russia

Josip Broz, “Marshal Tito”

-Ruled federation of Yugoslavia to assert nation’s independence

-Resistance to Soviet Union caused major split with Joseph Stalin; Stalin expelled Yugoslavia from Soviet bloc.

-Tito maintained good relationship with eastern European communist states and established strong ties with nonaligned nations.

Soviet Union development caused serious changes in eastern Europe

-After Stalin’s death, communist leaders surprised world when questioned and attacked Stalin and his method of rule.

-Nikita Khrushchev (Stalin’s successor) embarked on policy of de-Stalinization; ending rule of terror and partial liberalization of Soviet society.

De-Stalinization

-Government officials removed portraits of Stalin, renamed institutions and localities with his name, and told historians to rewrite textbooks to deflate Stalin’s reputation.

-“Thaw” in government control and release of many political prisoners.

-Tempted other communist leaders to experiment with domestic reforms and seek degree of independence from Soviet domination.

Chapter Objective 3

Analyze the Hungarian Revolt and the impact the Suez Canal had on its failure.

Serious challenge to Soviet control when embraced de-Stalinization

-Citizens demanded democracy

-Wanted to break ties with Moscow and Warsaw Pact

-Street demonstrations were made

Imre Nagy and János Kádár (communist leaders)

-Formed coalition government

-Announced neutrality and withdrawal from Warsaw Pact

Soviet leaders viewed acts as serious threat to security system

-Soviet tanks came to Budapest and crushed Hungarian uprisings

-Installed Kádár as dependable communist leader in pro-Soviet line of foreign policy

-Secretly executed Nagy and others to had mistakenly trusted Soviet promise of safe conduct

Questions

What was the first opposition against Soviet Union within communist world?

Who ruled the federation of Yugoslavia when the nation was going through this revolution?

What bloc did Joseph Stalin expel Yugoslavia from?

Fill in the blanks: Tito maintained __________ relationship with eastern European communist states and established _______ ties with nonaligned nations.

After Stalin’s death, communist leaders....

Who was Stalin’s successor and what did he do?

After Stalin's death, what did the government NOT do?

What was NOT a desire of the Hungarian citizens after de-Stalinization?
Who where the communist leaders that formed a coalition government?
What is true about Hungary's announced neutrality and withdrawal from Warsaw Pact?
Who was installed as a dependable communist leader in pro-Soviet line of foreign policy? KádárNagy Cossacks Janissaries

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