: a good chance for advancement or progress
Leah Frydenberg, Laura McAllister and Katie Greis
Reconstruction was the reorgination and reestablishment of the seceded states in the Union after the American Civil War. Opportunity was given to former slaves and they were granted rights that were not allowed before. America tried its best to accept slaves into American society, providing them with many protective laws.
Manifest Destiny was a significant event in American History that allowed various groups of people, (such as farmers, Indians, pioneers, hunters, and miners) to migrate west in the United States to improve their lives. The new land provided them with new jobs, better farmland, and further opportunities to innovate the development of America.
Passed in 1862, the Homestead Act gave 160 acres of public land to any settler who would farm the land for 5 years. The settler would only have to pay a registration fee of ten dollars.
This ensured the settlers a right to easy land, food, housing, and making an income from crop sales, which provided opportunity for many.
Beginning in the mid 1800's, miners migrated west after settlers discovered gold, setting off the gold rush. Miners from all over the eastern US came to California in search of gold. This provided opportunity for people, who were not as fortunate, to acquire jobs and earn money.
Immigration was the transportation of Southern and Eastern European immigrants who arrived in the United States in a great wave between 1880 and 1920. This provided the immigrants with opportunities to gain jobs, land, and freedom.
Steerage was an open place below a steamship's main deck where most immigrants lived during the Atlantic Crossing. It was convenient option for Europeans who did not earn much money, but still wanted to travel to America.
Ellis Island served as a port of entry to the United States for most European immigrants between 1892 and 1954, located in New York Harbor. This created opportunity because it provided support in the travel of immigrants and gave them the easiest gateway into the United States.
Angel Island was a port of entry located on the west side of the United States for Asian immigrants arriving in San Francisco between 1910 and 1940. This gateway allowed many immigrants to leave their old, rough lives and start over with the opportunity of jobs, farmland, and freedoms in America.
The Progressive Era was a time period lasting from the 1890s to the 1920s when there was a widespread increase in social activism and political reform across the United States. This developed more efficient technology for workers to utilize in the workplace and established a safer environment for people to work in, resulting in the opportunity for Americans to obtain a beneficial job.
The Nineteenth Amendment granted women the right to vote in 1920. This ensured that they were given a right to voice their opinion in politics and choose national leaders.
The Seventeenth Amendment allowed American voters to directly select US senators in 1913. This gave people the opportunity to have a say in senators that will represent them in politics.
World War I
World War I was the world's first global conflict, the "Great War" pitted the Central Powers of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire against the Allied Forces of Great Britain, the United States, France, Russia, Italy, and Japan. Although this war was tragic, it opened up many opportunities and ensured rights for African Americans and women.
The Great Migration was a mass movement of millions of African Americans from the rural South to cities in the North and Midwest in order to obtain jobs and benefit industry beginning in World War I. This gave opportunity for African Americans to get jobs and help America while soldiers were busy fighting in the war.
Although they could not fight, women still played a major role in the execution of World War I. Since gun wounds and fighting caused significant injuries to some soldiers, many women became nurses that cared for them in makeshift hospitals. This provided opportunity for women to show that they are of equal worth to men and are able to obtain jobs just as easy.
The Roaring Twenties
The Roaring Twenties is the nickname given to the 1920s because of them decade's prosperity, technological advancements, and cultural boom. This gave opportunity for Americans to freely express culture and arts, regardless of race or gender, and innovate the nation.
The Harlem Renassaince was the flourishing of African American fine arts and literature, which dominated many major cities in the US. This granted many African Americans a chance of free self- expression and evoked many influencial art forms that are still used today.
Credit was an arrangement for buying something instantly with borrowed money and paying off the loan over time. This provided an opportunity for people who couldn't afford necessities to buy the goods they needed as soon as they needed them, instead of suffering. Additionally, this decreased the gap between poorer and wealthier people because they were able to purchase many of the same things.