Jacques Cartier

Jacques Cartier

Jacques Cartier birth and death information

Born: 1491
Birthplace: Saint-Malo, Brittany, France
Died: 1557
Location of death: Saint-Malo, Brittany, France
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, St. Vincent's Cathedral, St. Malo, France


Who hired him to explore and what for?

Jacques Cartier's first voyage began in 1534, his second in 1535, and his third in 1541. So he explored for seven years.

Jacques met King Francis I. The king hired Jacques to sail west and find a better travel route to Asia, since John Cabot hadn't done it before.

Several years later Jacques returned to Canada for the king of France, only this time the king didn't want Jacques to find a passage to Asia. He wanted Jacques to find the great riches Jacques had told him about.

It’s possible that he had gone to Newfoundland as a sailor before his voyages of discovery. But on April 20th, 1534, Cartier left St. Malo on a sure course for Newfoundland.


Dates of voyages

He went 3 times

He sailed on many voyages before he got hired by the king of France but when he got hired he made 3 voyages

July 1534- Jacques claimed the land for France

1535- Jacques made a second voyage, Jacques returned to the land he had found.

1541- A new voyage began several years later Jacques returned to Canada for the king of France; only this time the king didn't want Jacques to find a passage to Asia. He wanted Jacques to find the great riches Jacques had told him about.

1542-Jacques returned from his last journey. Jacques came home with ships full of treasure.

Frances King authorized Jacques Cartier to lead a voyage to the New World. The purpose of the voyage was to find a northern passage to Asia, as well as to collect riches such as gold and spices along the way.


Results of his Voyages

First voyage: He seized two Native Americans and took them with him back to France. He also explored the coast of Newfoundland, discovered Prince Edward Island, and explored the Gulf of St. Lawrence.

Second voyage: When Cartier returned from North America, he was only able to tell the French king that the Indians had told him about gold in the lands and that there was a rumored river in the area that possibly led to Asia. However, he had no proof of the wealth or the river, so the voyage was considered quite a disappointment.

Third voyage: This time the French have abandon the idea of finding a direct passage to Asia. So this time Cartier decided not to wait for the colonists to arrive, but sailed for France with a quantity of what he thought were gold and diamonds. The minerals he brought were found to have no value. Cartier received no more royal commissions, and would remain at his estate in Saint-Malo for the rest of his life.


Problems that occurred:

War in Europe prevented Francis I from sending another expedition until 1541

Jacques commissioned a nobleman, Jean-François de La Rocque de Roberval, who was suppose to follow him to Quebec but was a year late.


Interaction with the natives:

There relationship started really well, and when they first met them they exchanged gifts but later on Jacques decided not to trust them and fired two cannon shots to scare them off. He also captured the chefs two sons.


Jacques route of travel


Jacques deserves to be in the hall of fame because he went all the way to Canada. He was the man who named Canada and claimed much of these lands for France; without being captured or killed. He also explored and discovered many places. He got information out of the New World that there was goods and treasures and possibly a route to Asia up the river. He solved/fixed all the problems listed above. He got hired by the king of France which is pretty cool and if you ask me this is more than enough to put him in the hall of fame. He has his own statue too.


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