Lauren Baker, Ms. Peterson, 9/27

Baghdad is the capital of the Republic of Iraq, as well as their Baghdad province. The modern-day population of the city is 7 million. Baghdad is in the East part of the country, and is located along the Tigris River. Founded in the 8th century, Baghdad evolved into a cultural and intellectual center for the Islamic world, as well as a commercial center of trade. Baghdad was situated right next to the east-west land trade routes and the north-south river trade routes of the Tigris and Euphrates. This would indicate that trading goods made their way into the city by way of both river and land, in the form of caravans most likely. Baghdad provided a safe resting place for ships and caravans, which helped the city grow, considering all the trade passing through. Goods in the form of food, clothing and luxuries were supplied by a market.

Eventually, Baghdad grew to the status of international trading center, with goods coming in from areas ranging from the Baltic to China, such as textiles, leather, and paper. Luxury items included silk, some cotton and jewelry.

An early version of the battery was found in Baghdad, which was also a hub of science. The people of the city used gold coins as currency, and Baghdad was wealthy. The role of the city was as a center of learning, commerce and culture, and the function was partially to provide a place for merchants and travelers to trade their wares.

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