Rules for Run-ons and Fragments
Anthony & Trisha
What's in a sentence?
Every sentence has at least a Subject and a Predicate; this forms an independent clause
What's a fragment?
When a sentence is missing either a subject or a predicate, it is called a fragment
e.x. "Because I had to." "The brown dog."
What is a Run-on?
A sentence that is not properly punctuated to separate ideas in a sentence is called a run-on
e.x. "I had a great day at the beach it was really fun."
How do I fix it?
Add punctuation to conjoin thoughts. To conjoin two independent clauses, use a comma and a conjunction. If a conjunction is not used, use a semicolon instead
e.x. " The small dog ran to the door, but he ran into it on accident."
"I had a great day at the beach; it was really fun."
A Wrong Fix: Comma Splices
When two independent clauses are conjoined together by only a comma, it is called a comma splice. This is not a fix to a run on sentence. A conjunction must always follow a comma in a sentence is conjoined.