Innuitian Mountains

A skiing resort in the Nunavut&Northwest territories of Canada

Climate & Landscape

The Innuitian Mountain is located in Northern Canada, more specifically in Nunavut and the Northwest regions. The Innuitians are part of the Artic Cordillera. In some locations that measure more than 2,500 meters in height 1,290km, with steep valleys. There is no wildlife due to the harsh cold weather and also because of being located north of the Arctic tree line. This region has extremely harsh winters and short cool summers. The area is mostly barren,alot of land has permafrost and the mountains are covered by ice sheets. The Innuitian Region is surrounded by the Arctic Ocean. However,there are waterways nearby,such as Parry Channel and Baffin Bay.

Vegetation and Geology

The Innuitian Mountains is located in the Tundra vegetation region. Trees can not grow because the climate is too cold, harsh and dry. Most of the tundra has permafrost, only the top meter of it, known as the 'active layer', thaws during the short summer. The water does not drain from the mountain because of permanent frozen ground. Water can not drain downward so the surface remains water clogged. The thawing permits a very small growing season. Plants grow close to the ground to get as much heat as possible. The plants that grow are small shrubs, mosses and lichens. The Innuitians contains igneous and metamorphic rocks, but its mainly composed of of sedimentary rocks. They were formed in the middle of the Mesozoic era when the North American plate moved northward. The Innuitian mountains resemble the Appalachians in composition but is relatively younger and so erosion hasn't had time to reduce them to rounded hills. Barbeau Peak is the highest point in the mountains ranges, with an elevation of 2616m, which is 8583ft.

Human Activities

Quttinir National Park is Canada's northernmost national park. It is only 720km away from the northpole. This park covers the northern portion of Ellesmere island in Nunavut. There are many activities to do like dog sledding, ski touring hiking and mountain climbing. It is associated as one of the earliest documented human inhabitants of this region. Ther are metallic mineral resources including zinc, iron and zinc and fossil fuel resources have not been greatly exploited, due to the cost of developing such a remote region while cheaper alternatives are available elsewhere.

Here are some interesting facts about the Innuitian Mountains

Climate change& risks of natural disasters

Climate changes might take place because of global warming. Water from shrinking glaciers and ice sheets is now the major contributor to global sea-level rise. Long locked away in polar regions and mountains, this extra runoff is adding new freshwater to the world's oceans, therefore this might lead to rise in sea level. Possible long term decline in water resources.Nearly one-sixth of the world's population lives near rivers that derive their water from glaciers and snow cover. Most of these communities can expect to see their water resources peak and then ultimately decline during this century. Many rivers that derive their water from melting glaciers or snow are likely to have earlier peak runoff in spring and an overall increase in runoff, at least in the short term—potentially increasing the risk of flash floods and rockslides.

                                                                                                       By Apsarrah Rana

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