Western Cordillera

Here in Western Cordillera, we will introduce you various, beautiful tourist sights located in both British Columbia and Alberta! It consists of seeing the stunning Rocky Mountains, visiting marvelous National Parks, relaxing in various Hot Springs and much more! We will also take you to the reasons why we chose this region to be the best place for these amazing attractions.

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Climate

The climate in Western Cordillera is mild and the temperatures in this region reach around 8-16 degrees during the summer. Precipitation is common in this region because it sits beside the Pacific Ocean, which allows the air to be moist and cool. Despite that, B.C. and Alberta have wet winters and dry summers. The temperature drops as you travel upnorth near the mountains because that is where glaciers are located.

Natural Landscape

Western Cordillera is a very pretty region, where you can see tall mountains and reflecting lakes. In Banff, most lakes have large pine forests beside them, like Lake Louise. There are apline zones as well and this allows you to go hiking upnorth to see the clear and wide view of Banff

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Vegetation

The vegetation and soils are very rich in the Banff National Parks, such as in Lake Louise. In Lake Louise, there is a large pine forest, where wildlife can be found. Animals like elk, bear and mountain goats live in those certain areas. You can find squirrels and birds upon the trees as well. Trees are planted every year, which also provides a good source of  wood for lumber-manufacturing companies.

Rock Types

There are different amounts of sedimentary rocks found in B.C. and Alberta from the original formation of the Rocky Mountains. In the Eastern side, it lies the Columbia and the Rocky Mountains. Their rocks are mostly sedimentary which contains fossils.

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Banff is located in Alberta.

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Human Activities

There are so many different things that you can do in the Banff National Park! We can go fishing near the creek, hiking on the hills and take photos of the beautiful scenery near the Rocky Mountains. We can take a cooling moment to relax in the Hot Springs in a hotel called "The Fairmont Banff Springs", where you can dine in the restaurant inside and book a room to sleep for the night. You can take a tour bus or a car to visit the Banff Park Museum to learn about the history of the B.C. railroad. In Lake Louise, you can go canoeing on a gondola and visit the beautiful village nearby. You can go bird-watching, mountain climbing and enjoy yourself at the many resorts in the Banff National Park. Also, if you wake up extra early and drive in the highway, you will see various species of wildlife, like elk, mountain goats and bears. Another amazing place you can go to is Sunshine Meadows, an area filled with assorted colors of pretty flowers. The Columbia Icefield is an amazing attraction as well and this is where you can see glaciers up close. If you are daring, you can try the water melting in the glaciers and it's determined as the world's most fresh supply of water you can taste without adding any other ingredient to it.

Influence of Climate Change

On the future impact of climate change, the land, water and people will be affected. As you are travelling to the tourist sites, you will begin to notice heavy amounts of precipitation. This causes the sea levels near B.C. to rise and it will increase the risk of coastal floods. Coastal floods can cause numerous damage inland, such as destroying houses, filling smaller lakes with dirty water and blocking roads. In addition, the melting of glaciers in the Rocky Mountains will allow the sea levels to rise even more. During the summer, it can be dangerous if tourists were to be walking upon attraction sights that have glaciers, since there's a chance that it will melt due to the heat.

However, this isn't just the only problem. The intensifying amount of heat not only melts glaciers, but can also dry up rivers and change the streamflow, causing a huge affect to salmon. Once the rivers begin to dry up, it will be harder for salmon to travel upstream to spawn and they will soon have decreased numbers of their species in B.C.. The decreasing amount of salmon will affect its predators, such as grizzly bears, birds and humans. Grizzly bears mainly feed on salmon during their migrating season and it will be a bad cause if barely any salmon travel upstream. Many people love fishing and once summer arrives, there can be an issue with fishing the endangered salmon.

Greenhouse gases release toxic heat into the air and these gases come from factories, cars, smoking and much more! This can cause air pollution, which can affect our health and even the animals. There is a possibility that 1 out of 5 people are most likely to get lung cancer from air pollution. As the air gets hotter, so does the land. Temperatures in Vancouver can rise from 18 degrees to 30 degrees, causing droughts in farms and the increasing risks of forest fires. Insects that can withstand hot summers can mate and cause various pest infestations in farms, harming crops. If tourists were seeing an attraction near the farm, they can be affected with diseases from the insects in the farm fields. Forest fires will burn down trees and ruin wildlife, allowing the lands that were once forests become grasslands, making it almost impossible to grow trees again due to the lack of water and richness in soil. Even if we tried to grow trees, the number of seeds being planted in the ground may not be able to survive, once again due to the lack of nutrients and organics in the soil.

Risk of Natural Disaster

In Western Cordillera, it is known that this region gets a large amount of precipitation due to the fact that it's near the Pacific Ocean. Calm rainstorms can suddenly turn into violent thunderstorms and that's when flash floods are most likely to happen.

The reason why there's so much rain in Western Cordillera is because this landform region sits beside the coastline of B.C., where water is constantly evaporating from the Pacific Ocean. When it rains, the water overfills lakes, streams, rivers and creeks. This can be dangerous for people who live near the coastline or beside creeks and rivers.

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