The Spanish American Revolutions 1810-1825
By: Audrey Smith, Emma Allegrucci, and Esteban McDonald
Spanish Constitution, 1812:
The Creoles that were stationed in the Spanish Colonies wanted more independence politically and economically. And additionally, the liberal ideas that were infused to the already established in the Spanish Constitution of 1812, regarding land distribution and political equality between them and the indigenous peoples, further fueled the drive to separate from the rule of Spain. Therefore, the Spanish Constitution of 1812 can be seen as a symptom of the Spanish American Revolutions because it created the initial desire of Spanish colonies to gain freedom from the Spanish crown.
Napoléon Bonaparte invaded Spain and Portugal deposing the Spanish King, King Ferdinand, and forced the Portuguese Royal family into exile in Brazil. This weakened the colonial ruler's government giving, and gave Latin American colonies an opening to take action. Napoléon taking over the throne can be seen as a symptom of the Spanish American Revolutions because of how his take over fueled the pre-existing tensions between Spanish colonies and the hierarchy.
The Rising Fever
Símin Bolívar and José de San Martín:
Símon Bolívar and José de San Martín led an independent movement that was sponsored by the Creoles. They stated that everyone who was born in America were Americanos, and everyone who was born in Spain or Portugal was evil. The two men valiantly united the Spanish American Colonies in order to bring revolution. Thus, Bolívar and Martín uniting the colonies can be seen as the rising fever of the Spanish American Revolutions because they helped the people to rise up and gain momentum to take on the crown.
(José de San Martín)
The Junta radicals deposed of the Spanish monarchic authorities violently, and as a result, economic stagnation (due to the absence of marketable production and trade) followed. Upper and lower class were pitted against each other in a violent revolution. The violence that was seen through the relations of the Juntas can be related to the crisis stage of the Spanish American Revolutions because there was an increasing pressure being put on the Crown by the Junta radicals.
Latin American Poor People:
After the Spanish American Revolutions, the newly separated Latin American countries became relatively underdeveloped, impoverished, under democratic, politically unstable, and dependent on foreign technology and investment. This wave of poverty that swept over the entire Latin American population can be seen as the convalescence stage of the Spanish American Revolutions because it was the only aftermath besides colonial freedom.