Democratic Republic of Congo
by Arianna Ramirez
"Democratic Republic of Congo Country Profile - Overview - BBC News." BBC News. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2015.
The people of the Democratic Republic of Congo are currently in the face of war and bloodshed. Otherwise known as "Africa's World War", the situation in DRC has reached an extremity in which over five million people have been killed.
This conflict is stemmed from the Rwandan civil war and horrendous genocide. In 1997, Rwanda invaded a country called Zaire to wipe out Hutu militias. This act motivated anti-Mobutu (leader of Zaire) rebels to take action by capturing the capital, making Laurent Kabila as president, and renaming the country as the Democratic Republic of Congo. However, when Kabila was placed as president, his enemies inspired a new rebellion that was supported by Rwanda and Uganda. As a result, neighboring countries such as Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe took Kabila's side. This caused the DRC to be known as the battleground for a full on war between Rwandan/Ugandan rebel forces and Kabila's army.
In an attempt to gain peace and stability, the UN tried to take action against Rwanda and Uganda. However, they denied UN accusations that they had supported the rebel group. This ultimately leaves the region dangerous and extremely deadly.
Who are the main opponents in this situation?
The main opponents of this situation are Rebel Forces of Rwanda and Uganda and Anti-Mobutu Rebels.
Other countries involved?
Neighboring countries Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe are involved in this war.
How is this conflict being conducted?
This conflict is being conducted through fear, rape or displacement by militias and the army, combat, disease, and malnutrition.
What was the cause of the conflict?
This conflict stemmed from the Rwandan civil war and genocide. The Tutsi refugees and Hutu rebels created conflict with the neighboring countries as DRC happened to be one of them.
What efforts are being taken to solve the problem nonviolently?
In 2003, the militias and army involved in the war created a peace agreement and transitional government. However, there is still violence and bloodshed in DRC. In addition to this, in 2013, the UN tried to arrange an agreement to end the dangerous rebellions, but both Rwanda and Uganda avoided UN accusations and continue to spread violence. Due to the fact that the attempts at peace have failed, there are different ways in which the situation may be improved. There needs to be action and awareness spread throughout other developed nations so that they may contribute to the needs of innocent people and the innocent lives that are being lost in this unjust war. Secure organizations such as Catholic Relief Services and American Red Cross are ways in which a positive impact can contribute to the improvement of the lives of DRC's common people. Ultimately, this is an unjust war because there is no just cause, right intention, noncombatant immunity, or proportionality.