Adult CPR
By: Autumn Haug

Steps to Saving a Life:

The first step in adult CPR is: Check the scene, make sure your surroundings are safe, and that you yourself aren't in any danger.

The next step is: Check the person. See if the person can respond to you by tapping their shoulder and asking if they're ok.

Then you: Get someone to call 9-1-1 and activate and AED if possible. Single out a person, and tell them to call 9-1-1, then tell them to come back to assist you if needed. Make sure you follow the instruction of the AED and place pads accordingly.

The next step is: Begin thirty chest compressions. Adult compressions should be about 2 inches deep. You should be giving compressions at a rate of 100 per minute.

Then you: Give two rescue breaths. Make sure your face shield is on right, then proceed to give the rescue breaths. Watch to make sure the chest is rising, that lets you know the air is going into their lungs and not their stomach.

Proceed to do these last two steps until the person regains consciousness or emergency help has arrived.  


Child CPR

These are the steps to child CPR.

First thing you do is: Check the scene. Make sure your not putting yourself in any danger trying to save this victim.

The next thing is: Check the person. See if the person responds by tapping on their shoulder and say their name.

Then you: Call 9-1-1 and active and AED if available. Single a person out, and tell them to call 9-1-1 or emergency authorities, then tell them to come back in case you need assistance, then activate the AED and place pads accordingly and listen for instructions.

Then you: Begin thirty chest compressions. The compressions should be about one third of the chest deep for a child. You should be compressing at about 100 compressions a minute.

The next step is: Give two rescue breaths. Be watching to make sure the breaths are going in and that the chest is rising.

Repeat the last two steps until the person either becomes conscious or emergency medical services have arrived at the scene.



Infant CPR

The first thing you should do is: Check the scene. Make sure that your environment is safe, and that you yourself are in no danger.

The next step is: Check the infant. Tap on the bottom of its feet and see if it responds.

Next thing is: Call 9-1-1 and activate an AED if available. Single a person out to call 9-1-1 or emergency medical services, then tell them to come back in case you need assistance. Activate the AED and place pads accordingly, one on the back one on the chest. Then listen for instructions.

Next you: begin thirty chest compressions. about one third of the chest deep, use only two or three fingers in the middle of the chest below the nipples. Compress at about 100 compressions a minute.

The next step is: Give two life breaths. The breaths shouldn't be full breaths, they should be puffs of air. Look for the rising of the chest.

Continue the last two steps until the regain consciousness, or emergency medical services arrive at the scene.

Adult/Child Conscious Choking

The first thing you should do is: Check the scene, make sure you're not in danger.

Next you: Check the person. Look for the the universal choking sign or for the person person to shake their head in response to asking if they're choking.

Next you: Call 9-1-1. Get someone to call 9-1-1 and then tell them to come back to assist you.

Then you: Find the belly button, place your thumb or pinky right above it, then thumb-side in, make a fist and cover it with your other hand, then thrust in and up until the object comes out or they become unconscious.

Conscious Choking Infant

First step: Check the scene.

Next: Check the baby.

Next: call 9-1-1.

Next: support the baby's head and hold it, feet above the head on your thigh, and do 5 backblows with the heel of your hand.

Next: flip the baby to the other hand, support its head, then give 5 chest compressions.

Unconscious Choking Adult

First: check the scene.

Next: Check the person.

Next: Call 9-1-1.

Next: 30 chest compressions.

Next: look for the object, if its there, finger sweep the object out; if not, give two rescue breaths. Make sure they go in.

Repeat the last two until the object is removed.

Unconscious Choking Child

First: check the scene.

Next: check the child.

Next: call 9-1-1.

Next: 30 chest compressions with one or two hands. Depth: 1/3.

Next: Attempt two rescue breaths or do a finger sweep if you see the object.

Unconscious Choking Infant

First: Check the scene.

Next: Check the infant, tap its feet and call its name.

Next: call 9-1-1.

Next: do 30 chest compressions with two fingers in the middle of the chest.

Next: look for the object, if its there, finger sweep with your littlest finger.

If the object isn't there, attempt two breaths. If they don't go in, begin with 30 compressions again.

Repeat until EMS arrives.

Bleeding

First: check the scene.

Next: Check the person to make sure he/she is conscious.

Next: call 9-1-1.

Next: apply a gauze pad and begin wrapping with a long bandage. Make sure your wrap it tight, and make a pressure point by twisting the bandage and then continue to wrap until you tie it off at the end.

Next: elevate the arm above the level of the heart.

If the person bleeds through the bandage, apply another one and keep it elevated until EMS arrives.

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