Lipase is the main enzyme that breaks down dietary fats in the human digestive system, converts triglyceride substrates found in ingested oils to monoglycerides and two fatty acids.Lipase is an enzyme that hydrolyzes lipids, the ester bonds in triglycerides, to form fatty acids and glycerol.The main source of lipase in your digestive tract is your pancreas, which makes pancreatic lipase that acts in your small intestine.
Extremely high or low pH values generally result in complete loss of activity for most enzymes. pH is also a factor in the stability of enzymes. As with activity, for each enzyme there is also a region of pH optimal stability.The optimum pH value will vary greatly from one enzyme to another.
Lipase-catalyzed esterification reactions are among the most significant chemical and biochemical processes of industrial relevance. Lipase catalyze hydrolysis as well as esterification reactions.