Performance-Based Assessment 2 Model
The archetypal approach to literature evolved from studies in anthropology and psychology. Archetypal critics make the reasonable assumption that human beings all over the world have basic experiences in common and have developed similar stories and symbols to express these experiences.
Carl Jung, a student of Freud, came to the conclusion that some of his patients' dreams contained images and narrative patterns not from their personal unconscious but from the collective unconscious of the human race. It was Jung who first used the term archetype to denote plots, characters, and symbols found in literature, folk tales, and dreams throughout the world.