Berlin Conference and Scramble for Africa
The Scramble of Africa marked the climax of the European competition for territory in Africa. In November 1884, Otto von Bismarck, the architect of the German Empire, convened a conference in Berlin, of 14 states (including the United States). They were discussing what countries would get what part of Africa. This conference lasted until February 1885. The main reasoning was to prevent conflict among Europeans over the African territories. The Europeans divided territories by drawing borders in maps.
Graph showing the portion of Africa that each country got.