Used to

[used to + VERB]

  • I used to go to the beach every day.
  • I'm not used to wake up early

Getting used to


  • I'm getting used to waking up early.
  • I'm getting use to do homework everyday.

Would, Could, Should, Must

We use modal verbs to show if we believe something is certain, probable or possible (or not). We also use modals to do things like talking about ability, asking permission making requests and offers, and so on.


  • I think we could have another Gulf War.
  • We could try to fix it ourselves.


  • Would you like to play golf this Friday?
  • Would you prefer tea or coffee?


  • I think we should check everything again.
  • Profits should increase next year.


  • We must say good-bye now.
  • They mustn’t disrupt the work more than necessary.

Simple Fact

  • My sister works in a bank
  • He's always doing domework

Attitude about some one else's habits

  • My mother really gets on my nerves.
  • My roomate is the messiest person in the world

Attitude about some one else's typical behavior

  • She's always telling me what to do
  • He'll leave his dirty clothes everywhere

Past with used to + inifinitive

We use this expression to talk about habits or repeated actions in the past which we don't do in the present. We also use it to talk about states in the past which are no longer true. For example:

  • I used to have long hair (but now I have short hair).
  • He used to smoke (but now he doesn't smoke).


The modal verbs are can, could, may, might, shall, should, will and would.

The modals are used to show that we believe something is certain, probable or possible:

We use the modals could, might and may to show that something is possible in the future, but not certain:

  • They might come later. (= Perhaps/Maybe they will come later.)They may come by car. (= Perhaps/Maybe they will come by car.)
  • If we don’t hurry we could be late. (= Perhaps/Maybe we will be late)

We use could have, might have and may have to show that something was possible now or at some time in the past:

  • It’s ten o’clock. They might have arrived now.
  • They could have arrived hours ago.

We use the modal can to make general statements about what is possible:

  • It can be very cold in winter. (= It is sometimes very cold in winter)You can easily lose your way in the dark. (= People often lose their way in the dark)

We use the modal could as the past tense of can:

  • It could be very cold in winter. (= Sometimes it was very cold in winter.)You could lose your way in the dark. (= People often lost their way in the dark)


We use the modal must to show we are sure something to be true and we have reasons for our belief:

It’s getting dark. It must be quite late.

  • You haven’t eaten all day. You must be hungry.

We use must have for the past:

  • They hadn’t eaten all day. They must have been hungry.
  • You look happy. You must have heard the good news.

We use the modal should to suggest that something is true or will be true in the future, and to show you have reasons for your suggestion:

  • Ask Miranda. She should know.

It's nearly six o'clock. They should arrive soon.

  • We use should have to talk about the past:
  • It's nearly eleven o'clock. They should have arrived by now.

Have+ past participle

'I have' shows possession or something acquired. By adding a past participle you are informing someone of a past or completed action done by you.

Here are some examples:

  • I have done it.
  • I have heard that before.
  • I have driven a car.


‘Connectors’ are used to link large groups of words: phrases and sentences. You can also use them to connect paragraphs to give them coherence. Sentence connectors are usually placed at the beginning of a sentence and may be categorized.

  • Firstly there 's the absorbency bamboo is 30% more absorbent than cotton.
  • Firstly, they are absolved from the responsibility of paying for major repairs.
  • Finally they were asked to rate the overall adequacy of the audio in meeting the needs of the session.
  • Finally they were asked to rate the overall adequacy of the audio in meeting the needs of the session.
  • Basically the game involves Andy putting chalk all over my face without me realizing.
  • Gelatin is basically a processed version of the protein collagen.
  • For another thing, you might want to consider how cute they look in pyjamas.
  • Another thing that you missed is that....
  • As far as dogs are concerned, they might give you a chance to get up from your desk and get some exercise during the day.
  • As far as i know he´s still around
  • I suppose that 's what draws people into keeping exotic animals.
  • I suppose he should be protected from assault, but it 's a little hard to articulate why.
  • Anyway your own party is not exactly blameless on this.
  • Anyway, only 57% of the applicants were successful, and we were the only astronomical society among them.

Methaphors and idioms


A "metaphor" is a figure of speech that identifies something as being the same as some unrelated thing, for rhetorical effect, thus highlighting the similarities between the two. It is therefore considered more rhetorically powerful than a simile. While a simile compares two items, a metaphor directly equates them, and so does not apply any distancing words of comparison, such as "like" or "as."

  • We had a heart-to-heart talk, and things are much clearer now
  • Can you give a hand with my homework
  • My daughter has a very good head for business
  • He was just pulling my leg after all.

A word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language, for example shut is a synonym of close.


  • Interest
  • Worry


  • Expound
  • Exposit


  • Hate
  • Detest


  • Pathetic
  • Poor

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