Steps involved in fabric production
- Weaving: -Plain weave: The simplest weave in which the weft (crosswise) yarn is passed over then under each warp (lengthwise) yarn. Ex; Chiffon, seersucker, and taffeta. -Twill weave: A weave in which the weft yarn is passed over and under one, two, or three warp yarns beginning one warp yarn back on each new row. Ex; denim, and gabardine. -Satin weave: A weave that produces a smooth, shiny-surfaced fabric resulting from passing the weft yarn over and under numerous warp yarns to create long floats. Ex; sateen, and satin. Other weaves:
-Pile weave~Ex; corduroy, and velvet. -Dobby~Ex; dotted swiss and pique. -Jacquard~Ex; brocade and damask. -Leno~Ex; fabrics with an open and lacy appearance.
- Knitting: Constructing fabric by looping yarns together. Weft knits: Knits made with only one yarn that runs crosswise forming a horizontal row of interlocking loops. Ex; jersey, ribbed knits, and sweater knit. Warp knits: Knits made with several yarns creating loops that interlock in the lengthwise direction. Ex; tricot, and raschel knits.
- Addition ways to consult fabric: Nonwoven:Fibers are compacted together using moisture, heat, chemicals, friction, or pressure. Examples: quilt batting, garment interfacings, felt, artificial suede. Laces and net: Made by knotting, twisting, or looping yarns. Example: lace. Braided fabric: Created by interlacing three or more yarns to form a regular diagonal pattern down the length of the resulting cord. Examples: decorative trims, shoelaces. Bonded fabric: Made by permanently fastening together two layers of fabric by lamination. Examples: two fabrics bonded so that one serves as a self-lining as in skiwear or winter coats. Quilted fabric: A layer of padding or batting is sandwiched between two layers of fabric and held in place by stitching. Examples of use: bedspreads, placemats, and outerwear.