Arianna's Music Memory List

George Frideric Handel

  • Handel was born February 23, 1685 in Germany.
  • He composed during the Baroque period.
  • He went to college to study law.
  • Handel didn’t want to be a lawyer, he wanted to be a composer instead.
  • Handel lost his eyesight due to cataracts.
  • The Messiah is his most famous composition.
  • He composed 50 operas.
  • He died on April 14, 1759 and is buried in Westminster Abby.
  • He composed 20 oratorios.
  • It took handel 23 days to write “Messiah”.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

  • Mozart was born on January 27, 1756 in Salzburg Austria.
  • He was a child prodigy.
  • Mozart started playing the harpsichord at 3 years old.
  • He composed his first song at the age of five.
  • His father took him on a tour to Europe when he was 7 years old to perform.
  • Mozart wrote over 600 compositions.
  • His wife was Constanze Weber.
  • Mozart struggled with poverty.
  • He died at the age of 36 due to malnutrition.

Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany in 1770. No one knows his exact birthday but they celebrate it on December 16. Ludwig’s father began teaching him music at the age of four. By 1778 he was learning to play two more instruments which were organ and viola. His teacher Neefe helped him publish his first piece of music. Ludwig decided to travel to Vienna, hoping that he would meet and study with Mozart. Nobody knows if he ever did meet or study with Mozart. He was impatient and unhappy most of the time and he knew he could only express his feelings through his music. When Ludwig was older, he lost his hearing. Even though he was deaf, Ludwig continued to compose. Due to complications with pneumonia, Ludwig died on March 26, 1827.Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany in 1770. No one knows his exact birthday but they celebrate it on December 16. Ludwig’s father began teaching him music at the age of four. By 1778 he was learning to play two more instruments which were organ and viola. His teacher Neefe helped him publish his first piece of music. Ludwig decided to travel to Vienna, hoping that he would meet and study with Mozart. Nobody knows if he ever did meet or study with Mozart. He was impatient and unhappy most of the time and he knew he could only express his feelings through his music. When Ludwig was older, he lost his hearing. Even though he was deaf, Ludwig continued to compose. Due to complications with pneumonia, Ludwig died on March 26, 1827.

We listened to Beenthoven's Moonlight Sonata. I designed the patterned based on the rhythm that I felt in the different parts of the music.

          Claude Debussy

  • Debussy was born in France.
  • His mother was his school teacher and had difficulties with spelling.
  • Debussy studied music at the Paris Conservatory.
  • In 1884, Debussy wo9n the Prix de Rome.
  • Debussy was often compared to the painter, Monet, since they both created dreamy impressions of mood and nature.
  • His most recognizable composition is, "Clair de Lune".
  • Debussy died during a German bombardment in Paris during World War I.

John Philip Sousa

  • John Philip Sousa was born in Washington D.C. in 1854.
  • His father played the trombone in the U.S. Marine Band.
  • Sousa was gifted classical violinist.
  • At the age of 13, he wanted to run away and join the circus.
  • His father caught him and made him join the U.S. Marine Band.
  • He was nicknamed "The March King" because he wrote 136 marches.
  • "The Stars and Stripes Forever" is America's National March.
  • Sousa died in 1932.

Duke Ellington

Edward Kennedy Ellington was born in Washington D.C. in 1899. A classmate nicknamed him Duke, that stayed with him throughout his life. His parents signed him up for piano lessons when he was eight even though he would rather play baseball. Duke dropped out of but returned to the piano as a teenager. Duke wrote his first composition in the summer of 1914 called “Soda Fountain Rag”. He could not read or write music so he wrote it by ear. When Duke was in high school he learned how to read and write music. He moved to New York and form the band the Washingtonians. Duke created his most well known compositions while performing at the Cotton Club. He soon formed the Duke Ellington Orchestra and was known nationally from recording, radio and film. He died in 1974.

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