Sports injuries in Football

by Levi Betteridge

Main risks in football are ankle injuries. A lot of players hurt there ankles as you use your legs more then anything in football. Players suffer a lot of ankle injuries,shoulder,upper leg injuries and calf tears. Ankle injuries are very common in football as you are always turning and making sharp movements with your ankles. You can cut the risk down by making rules stricter and also players themselves working on the muscles around the ankle to ensure that there is less risk. Shoulder injuries can be caused when jumping for headers and landing awkwardly on the floor. Upper leg injuries can be caused by not warming up properly.

Calf tears can be prevented by warming up properly and if you have a problem with it strengthen the muscles around it. Torn hamstrings are one of the biggest injuries in football. They's can be prevented by stretching properly before taking part.

Symptoms of a dislocated shoulder are visible forms of the shoulder joint, swelling and bruising  around the shoulder. Intense sharp pains in the shoulder, inabilities to rotate the shoulder.

Symptoms of a torn hamstring, you can feel a sharp pain in your hamstring, also you might feel a popping or tearing feel in your hamstring which normally means you have torn your hamstring. Your like to see swelling and tenderness around the hamstring. You can minimize your chances of getting a torn hamstring by stretching properly before doing exercise and also cooling down after exercise.

Symptoms of a sprained ankle, Your ankle will become inflated of muscles and your ankle will bruise. You can minimize your chances of spraining your ankle by wearing ankle supports when doing exercise and also you can do mobility stretches to lubricate the joint with synovial fluid which will make your ankle freely movable and less likely to get injuries.

The people involved  in diagnosis and treatments of common injuries in football would be physios if you have one attending football games. You are more likely to become injuries in a game so you should all ways have a first Aider  at hand at all points when playing in competitive sports. The injury could be very serious which will require it to be seen by a specialist if the injury is maybe ligament damage which is one of the worst injuries to sustain. This will require you to see a specialist and maybe having rehabilitation.

Sprained ankles are easily treated, Sprained ankles can be treated at home just by using over the counter painkillers prescribed to you by your doctors. You can put ice on the ankle to bring out all of the swelling also you need to keep the ankle elevated.

Dislocated shoulder are quite serious injuries, if you dislocate your shoulder you should visit your local hospital immediately. Don't try to pop your arm back in yourself, as this could damage the tissues, nerves and blood vessels around the shoulder joint.

Avoid moving your upper arm as much as possible. Place something soft, such as a folded blanket or pillow, in the gap between the arm and side of the chest to support it. If you can, make a simple sling to hold the lower arm across the chest, with the elbow bent at a right angle.

Calf tears Avoid walking on the injured leg, use crutches or a stick if provided. n When resting elevate the leg to discourage swelling. Do not apply any bandaging whilst resting n Frozen peas or crushed ice in a damp tea towel can be applied to the injured area. For maximum effect apply for 20 minutes every 2 hours.

Once the calf feels less hot and painful, it is important to start gently exercising the injured muscle. This may be uncomfortable at first, but is essential to prevent ;tightness and weakness and to encourage the natural healing process. The following exercises should be performed slowly and thoroughly, moving into some discomfort but short of pain. They can be repeated 4 – 5 times daily

Treatment of a torn hamstring, Recovering from a hamstring injury may take days, weeks or months, depending on how severe the strain or tear is.

A completely ruptured (torn) hamstring  may take several months to heal and you'll be unable to resume training or play sport during this time.

During the first few days after the injury, you should rest the affected leg.

  • Rest – keep your leg as still as you possibly can and avoid physical activity
  • Ice – apply ice to your hamstring for about 20 minutes, two to three times a day (don't apply it directly to your skin; you can use a bag of frozen peas wrapped in a tea towel)
  • Compression – a compression bandage can help reduce pain and swelling
  • Elevation – keep your leg slightly raised while sitting to help reduce swelling

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