Jewish Crusades

Katia Yescas World History

1. Why was Jerusalem important to your group?                                                                 Answer: The city of Jerusalem is significant in a number of religious traditions including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, which all consider it a holy city. Some of the most sacred places for each of these religions are found in Jerusalem. It has been the holiest city in Judaism and the ancestral and spiritual homeland of the Jewish people since the 10th century.

2. Cause of the Crusades from Jews perspective.                                                                Answer: Attacks were opposed by local bishops and widely condemned at the time as a violation of the crusaders aim, which was not detected against Jews. The social position of the Jews in western Europe distinctly worsened and legal restrictions increased during and after the crusades. During the crusades, throughout Europe, thousands of Jews were given the choice between conversion/ baptism and death. As a result, tens of thousands of Jews died and were executed by the crusaders when they overtook Jerusalem.

3. Impact of the Crusades on your group.                                                                            Answer: The crusades resulted in centuries of strong feelings of ill will on both sides and hence a turning point in the relationship between Jews and Christians. After the Crusades, Jews were expelled from England in 1290 and from France in 1306 and again in 1394. Jewish people were murdered and went in to hiding, but were only tolerated in some countries.

4. Your group’s perception of other groups during the Crusades.                                 Answer: Jews were perceived as just as much an enemy as Muslims : they were held responsible for the crucifixion and they were immediately visible than the Muslims. Jews were viewed as inferior to other groups because they were referred to as non- believers. Christians view on Jews were unfriendly because the Jews had the money lending business, while depriving Christians from lending.

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