Female and Male Pharaohs

By: Ellie Dixon

Female and male pharaohs were different in the Ancient Egyptian times because women had importance, men had power, and men also inherited the position.

Women's Importance

Women's positions in the ancient egyptian times women's jobs were very specific and limited. They were strictly supposed to look after their home and tend to their children. Even so many years ago there was also a great deal of social structure. Daughters, wives, and mothers of significant politicians received a great deal of respect as well as secretive influence. In some of these conditions, women had her own right to rule. One of these women was Hatshepsut, who eventually became history's first great women's leader. Hatshepsut reigned for 20 years as the pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. Although the importance of Hatshepsut, it was still considered a male dominated society. It was so devoted to men that she was referred to as her majesty as well as his majesty, she wore the men's clothing for official ceremonies and the fake beard!  So, in conclusion women were considered very important in the Ancient Egyptian times even in a male dominated society.

men's power

In the Ancient Egyptian times, this society very much orbited around men. They were always the star. They were only allow to work, they worked in the government, supposed to only hold real power. Although women were technically equal to them, it seemed as they received more recognition, respect and worship. You may think that the kingship rules are pretty simple but simple they are not. Kingship does not run through the female line. Choices of the QUEEN were free, sometimes the relative of the king or sometimes had no relation whatsoever. In the New kingdom, each king had a queen and also sometimes multiple wives who were called minor wives. So as you can see men were the main focus point in the Ancient Egyptian times.  

men's inheritance  

To be a king you have to inherit the positon. The king's chief wife's oldest son receives the position, much like the British monarchy. The king also has lesser wives who he has at the same time as the chief wife. Some chief wives give birth to only girls so therefor the eldest daughter would inherit the position. Overall only about four women became rulers. As you have already read, Hatshepsut was one of these women. Because men were the preferable choice for the throne, Hatshepsut did many things like men did. Like as I said in the first paragraph, she wore a beard, men's garb (clothes) for important ceremonies, and was referred to as his majesty as well as her majesty. So in conclusion, men were the preferable choice for the throne.


Hope you learned a little something about the differences of male and female pharaohs!

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