Created by Hannah Bokal
Welcome to Brazil! Before I explain the geography, climate, beautiful culture, and some interesting facts, let me give you some quick background information.
-Our capital is Brasilla
-We are located in South America
-The population is 199,321,413 (5th biggest population) ; The life expectancy for males is 71, while for females it is 77.8 ; The average age for male is 29, and for female is 31.
Here in Brazil there are five geographic parts; Northern Guiana Highlands, Brazilian Highlands, Amazon River, Pantanal Wetlands, and Southern Highlands.
- The Brazilian Highlands are covered by low mountain ranges and forested river valleys. From Rio de Janeiro.
- The Pantanal is the world's largest freshwater wetland, a seasonally flooded plain fed by the tributaries of many rivers. For size comparison, it's almost 10 times the size of the Florida Everglades.
- The Amazon is the world's largest tropical rain forest. It's drained by the huge Amazon River, and more than 200 of its tributaries.
- The Guiana Highlands, a relatively flat-topped mountainous area covered by rain forest, stretches across much of northern South America.
Major Architectural/Geographical Landmarks
- Sugarloaf Mountain – Rio De Janeiro. Impressive, rounded, 396 m high granite peak, one of the dominants in the landscape of Rio De Janeiro. Can be reached by a cable car.
- Pedra da Gávea – Rio De Janeiro. Granite and gneiss dome rising 842 m above the sea level. World’s largest monolith on a coastline. The giant rock has some similarity to human face.
- Itaimbezinho Canyon – Rio Grande do Sul. Up to 720 m deep and 6 km long canyon with unbelievable, very impressive sights. Additional charm is added by exotic, tall araucarias.
- Christ the Redeemer - colossal statue of Jesus Christ at the summit of Mount Corcovado, Rio de Janerio. It was completed in 1931 and stands 98 feet tall, its horizontally outstretched arms spanning 92 feet.
In Brazil there are a numerous amount of cities, but here are the major ones; Brasilia, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Belo Horizonte, Curitiba, and Recife.
Average Yearly Rainfall
Each region has a different food specialty. The Portuguese arrived in Brazil in 1500 and brought their tastes and styles of cooking with them. They brought sugar, citrus fruits, and many sweets that are still used for desserts and holidays. The Brazilian "sweet tooth" was developed through the influence of the Europeans. Brazilians use many eggs, fruits, spices, and sugar to make sweet treats, such as ambrosia. They also use savory (not sweet) seasonings such as parsley and garlic. Other nationalities that settled in Brazil were Japanese, Arabs, and Germans. More than one million Italians had migrated to Brazil by 1880. Each immigrant group brought along its own style of cooking.
Volleyball As the second most popular sport in Brazil, both the male and female national volleyball teams participate at Olympic level. They also compete in competitions such as the Volleyball World Cup and Volleyball World Championship. Brazil is recognized as the world champion in beach volleyball.
Football The most popular and widely spread sport in Brazil is, undoubtedly, football (or soccer). This is especially appropriate as Brazil will be hosting the 2014 FIFA World Cup™. This means millions of football fans from all over the world flooding into this South American country in the hopes of seeing their favorite team take the coveted title of world champions. A number of well-known football players and world-renowned teams hail from this country.
Rugby Rugby is a much-loved sport in Brazil, but its teams have not yet reached the level at which they qualify for major competitions (such as World Cups). This sport dates back to the late 1800’s and has, therefore, established a strong foundation in the culture.
National Traditions and Holidays
There are many different types of traditions and holidays in Brazil like: Brazil has numerous traditions, from sports to dance to religious rites. Capoeira, a home-grown martial art, is based on self-defense practices devised by African slaves. Because tt was originally necessary to disguise the practice, the art now resembles dancing as much as fighting. Brazil's enthusiasm for soccer launches the sport to the level of a national obsession.
Carnaval, the traditional festival of decadence before Lent begins, has some of its biggest celebrations in Brazil. The cities of Rio de Janeiro and Salvador are particularly famous for their parades.
Rio is home to Reveillon, a high-spirited New Year's celebration. Early in the day, many local restaurants serve special buffet lunches. By evening, the throngs have gathered along the city's beaches to watch the midnight fireworks display.
Throughout the year, numerous regional festivals take place in all corners of Brazil. In Sao Luis, the Bumba-meu-boi festival has the townsfolk act out a folk story involving the killing and resurrection of a bull. The celebrations span several months. In Salvador, the end of January brings a ceremonial washing of the steps of the Bonfim Church, an event that draws an audience of 800,000 people. Women in traditional costumes use perfumed water to wash the steps. Leading up to Easter, the citizens of Nova Jerusalem enact a passion play, the largest in all of South America. The stages of the cross last ten days, culminating on Easter Sunday.
Brazil is a federal republic, consisting of 26 states and the Federal District of Brasília. Each state has its own elected legislature and governor. Brazil's legislative body is the National Congress, which is composed of the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate. Deputies are elected, on the basis of population, for a term of four years. Senators serve 8-year terms, with three senators elected from each of the states.
The region in Brazil has a lot of diversity in it. There's Catholic, Protestant, Spiritualist, Voodoo, and very little bit of none.
Story Behind the Flag
Each color stands for something very important to the Brazilian culture. Yellow represents the gold reserves the country holds. Green symbolizes the great Amazon Rain forest, Atlantic Jungle, and the Panama – all of their amazing tropical landscape. Each star represents one of each of the states in the Federal District, which are arranged in the same pattern as the Brazil night sky. Across the globe is a white banner that reads, “Ordem E Progresso,” that translates in English to Order and Progress.
Mode of Transportation
For transportation in Brazil there is, boats, bus and trams, cars and motorcycles, train, air, and by a bicycle.
Infectious diseases like dengue, tuberculosis and HIV continue to play a significant role. There are also growing rates of lifestyle diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes and cardiovascular disease and Brazil already exhibits one of the world’s highest health burdens with regards to non-communicable diseases. Homicide and loss in quality of life due to traffic accidents remains a challenge. This is commonly described as the ‘triple burden of disease.’ It is characteristic that these health problems are not distributed equally but clearly follow geographical and socioeconomic patterns.
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