Montesquieu

By. Alexis Moats & Justin Bevington

Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu was born January 18th, 1689 in Bordeaux, France. His religion is not 100% determined but it is assumed that he was Catholic because he refers to the Bible and God in his work. He is known for creating the Separation of Powers  during the Age of Enlightenment. Montesquieu was not in favor of absolute rule, he wanted an open government with Checks and Balances. He also believed that there should be 3 branches of government. Executive to enforce the laws, Legislative to make the laws, and Judicial to punish those who broke the laws.  He was a French jurist, satirist, and political and social philosopher. In 1784 he published The Spirit of the Laws, which was an investigation of the environmental and social relationships that were behind the laws of a civilized society. While finishing his work Montesquieu was going blind and went into semi retirement. Then, on February 10th, 1755 Montesquieu died during a trip to Paris.

Montesquieu today:

Some things that Montesquieu enjoyed were writing, reading, and learning new things. His favorite television shows were ones like Judge Judy or crime shows such as Criminal Minds and Law and Order. He enjoyed these shows because he liked seeing how the Judicial Branch did its job. He also would watch the news to learn more about how the world was doing.

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Picture 1.) Herodotus
Picture 2.) Tacitus
Picture 3.) James Madison
Picture 4.) John Maynard Keyes
Picture 5.) Voltaire

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If you would like to contact Montesquieu:
Call: 1-800-CheckBalance
Email: Montesquieu@Separatepowers.org