A Bump to the Head
By, Hannah Wheeler
Have you ever been to a game and heard someone say that player has just got a concussion? Do you know what they mean? Do you know what happens to get a concussion in sports? When you hear someone say concussions or that a player got one you might not know what they mean. Concussions are serious so let’s dive into the behind the scenes of the brain and a concussion .
What is a Concussion?
Concussions are brain injuries, they can happen in a lot of sports but mainly football. You get a concussion by hitting your head really hard, which causes your brain to move around and sometimes hit the inside of your skull which could bruise your brain. But how do players know that they got a concussion? Players or their coaches would find out if someone has a concussion by looking at signs and symptoms. A symptom is signs that happens after you’ve had a concussion such as dizziness or headaches. Everyone has different signs and symptoms. there are also different levels/grades of concussions. Grade I (also known as Mild), grade II (also known as Moderate), and grade III (also known as Severe or Serious). These are the three grades of concussions.
What Happens to your Brain in an Concussion?
Now when you get a concussion and your brain gets damaged do you know how it gets damaged? Your brain is a fragile and irreplace object, so if it suddenly gets a concussion and your brain is bruised you have to take it easy. If you get a grade III concussion then your brain could bleed. Your brain could take a little time to heal so you're most of the time not allowed to go to a game or practices for a few weeks because they don’t want you to get a second concussion when your first hasn’t completely healed.
Ok, now pretend that you're brain is Jello and you’re playing a game like a football game and your running and messages are being sent throughout your brain and suddenly BAM. You hit your head with another player's head and you're on the ground and your brain hit the inside of your skull and your brain tissue is damage. You’re on the ground and you're feeling really dizzy and you have a headache. You're taken out of the game, you found out that you got a concussion but you want to keep playing. But your coach says that you can’t play for a few weeks he tells you that you should probably go to your doctor. That is probably what would happen if you got a concussion in a sport.
A Concussion in Sports
There are many sports that you could get a concussion but the main one is football.I sent a survey to some coaches in the Liberty area. One of the questions I asked them is,”
What Happens After an athlete start having Signs and Symptoms Concussion?”
The football coach at Liberty High School said,”When there appears to be concussions symptoms or when the athlete says their head hurts we let a trainer diagnose them.” All football teams probably have trainers. Also one of the basketball coaches said that in the past 5 years they have had 4 players have incurred concussions. Once a trainer is sure that a player has a concussion they’re taken out of the game. But sometimes it’s hard to find out if an athlete has a concussion because the players sometimes lie or say that they aren’t having signs or symptoms. Once the coaches find out that one of their players have a concussion they will probably send them to their doctor. Sometimes player who have had a lot of concussions decided to quit which is very hard for them. People have died because of having a lot of concussions or from having a very serious, grade III concussion which causes your brain to bled.
So concussions in sports can be dangerous. Did you know that if you get one concussion you're likely to have another and if you get a second you're likely to have a third and so on.Next time you hear someone say something about concussions you can fill them in on some details. Concussions occur frequently in sports. At first people didn’t realize that concussions were harmful but now they do. Coaches and the High Schools and most likely other people to are doing better at preventing concussions. Which is important because we want to keep athletes safe and healthy.
Bickerstaff, Linda. Frequently Asked Questions about Concussions. New York: Rosen Pub., 2010. Print. Citation 1
Carter, Rita, Susan Aldridge, Martyn Page, Steve Parker, Christopher D. Frith, Uta Frith, and Melanie B. Shulman. The Human Brain Book. London: DK Pub., 2009. Print. citation 7
"Concussion (Traumatic Brain Injury): Symptoms, Causes, Treatments." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. Citation 7
Hudson, Maryann. Concussions in Sports. Minneapollis: ABDO, 2014. Print. citation 5
Kamberg, Mary-Lane. Sports Concussions. New York: Rosen Pub., 2011. Print. Citation 2
McClafferty, Carla Killough. Fourth down and Inches: Concussions and Football's Make-or-break Moment. N.p.: n.p., 2008. Print. citation 6
McDowell, Sam. "After the Concussion." The Kansas City Star [Kansas City] 19 Oct. 2014: 1+. Print. Citation 3
Stark, Clifford D., and Elizabeth Shimer. Bowers. Living with Sports Injuries. New York: Facts On File, 2010. Print. citation 4