By: Jared R. #kettner#amendment
The Sixth Amendment was created because the Founding Fathers wanted to protect basic rights of the accused. Sixth Amendment: Speedy Trial by an Impartial Jury (1791) Defendants have the right to a quick trial by a jury of people who are not involved with the case, and who are not biased against them. Further, the trial must take place in the area where the alleged crime was committed. The Sixth Amendment is one of several methods contained in the U.S. Constitution for protecting the accused from unfair treatment at the hands of the government. The trial must also be public, though the Supreme Court found that this right is not absolute in the case of Sheppard v. Maxwell (1966), and it found that a degree of secrecy is warranted if publicity is judged to hurt the defendant's right to impartiality. An impartial jury is also guaranteed by this amendment, albeit for offenses that carry potential sentences of less than six months penal confinement. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to be confronted with the witnesses against him. The 6th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution sets out many rights for defendants during a criminal prosecution, including the right of the accused to confront their accusers. This guarantee applies to both statements made in court and statements made outside of court that are offered as evidence during trial. The 14th Amendment has made the 6th Amendment's right to confrontation applicable to state court as well as federal court.