The Inca Civilizati

A small community located in the area of Cuzco


  • The Inca Empire people were called the "Children of the Sun"
  • Everyone in the Inca Empire was a member of an ayllu. Once a person was born into an ayllu, they had to stay in that ayllu their entire life. The ayllu was a group of families that worked a piece of land together.
  • Peasants: The daily life of a peasant in the Inca Empire was full of hard work. The only time the peasants didn't have to work was during religious festivals and while they were sleeping. Most of the peasant men worked as farmers. They didn't own their own farms, but worked land owned by the government. They also had to pay taxes to the government. The women worked at the home during the day. They cooked, made clothes, and took care of the children. Most girls were married by the time they were twelve years old.
  • Nobles: The Inca nobles lived a much easier lifestyle. They still had to work, but had important jobs in the government. They could own land and didn't have to pay taxes.
  • Clothing/Hairstyles: The men wore long sleeveless shirts or tunics. The women wore long dresses. Both men and women would wear capes or ponchos to keep them warm during the winter. The peasants and the nobles wore similar fashions. The clothing of the rich was made from finer cloth and was more decorated. The type of hairstyle you wore told people your social status as well as what group, or ayllu, you were from.


Most all of Peru used to belonged to the Inca Empire, its heartland is in the Andean city of Cusco, the city of Machu Picchu which does no longer exist, the Sacred Valley and Lake Titicaca, is believed to be the birthplace of Incan civilization. The Inca Empire was on the west side of South America. The Inca region is the larges out of the the Inca, Maya and Aztec civilizations.


The food that the Inca people ate during the Incan civilization period between the 13th and 16th centuries was made up of roots and grains, such as potatoes, maize and oca, as well as meat from llamas, alpacas, guinea pigs and dried fish.

  • The sauces and spices the Inca people used to eat were an edible clay called pasa as well as chille peppers, which were an important ingredient in some Incan recipes.

The most popular Inca food is maize (corn) because they used it for various purposes other than just for food.

Tools and Weapons

The Incas knew of the bow and arrow but relied on a slingshot and a stone, it is surprisingly accurate and a very deadly weapon. In the place of swords, in hand to hand fighting the Incas would use wooden clubs tipped with stone or bronze. Some Incas used quilted cotton which gave some protection against the wooden and stone weapons of other South American peoples. The Incas also carried wooden shields. They also protected their backs and chests with plates of wood or metal.


Inca houses were very simple. They often consisted of just one room although some houses had a second story and a wooden floor. Inca homes did not have furniture. People sat and slept on reed mats or animal skins.Doors and windows were trapezium shaped. Roofs were thatched and there were no chimneys.Rich Incas lived in much grander homes. Inca palaces sometimes had sunken stone baths.

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