Anwar Sadat was born on December 25, 1918, in Mit Ab al-Kawm, Al Minufiyah governorate, Egypt. While Sadat was growing up four people really affected his early life. The first was a man named Zahran, he came from a small village like Sadat's. In a famous incident of colonial rule, the British hanged Zahran for participating in a riot which had resulted in the death of a British officer. Sadat admired the courage Zahran exhibit on the way to the gallows. The second person was Kemel Ataturk, he created the modern state of Turkey by forcing the downfall of the Ottoman Empire. Not only had Ataturk thrown off the shackles of colonialism, but he established a number of civil service reforms, which Sadat admired. The third man was Mohandas Gandhi. While touring Egypt in 1932, Gandhi had preached the power of nonviolence in combating injustice. And finally, young Sadat admired Adolf Hitler who the anti colonialist Sadat saw as a potential rival to British control. After Sadat graduated from the academy he was attending he received a government post. and soon after he became the President of Egypt. But unfortunately that didn't last long, he was assassinated October 6, 1981, in Cairo, Egypt, by Muslim extremists.
Rise of Power
Anwar Sadat had became president of Egypt, because he had held several high offices in Nasser's administration. While Nasser' was the president Anwar became vice president. But on September 28, 1970 when Nasser died Sadat became acting president. He won the winning position for good in a nationwide vote on October 17, 1970. He became the third president of Egypt.
Style of Government
The style of government was a democracy. Because Sadat won the winning position for good in a nationwide vote on October 17, 1970. He became the third president of Egypt. After the former president had died.
Sadat domestic properties had intended to attract foreign trade and investments with the open-door policy known as infitah ( Arabic for "opening" ), which was an economic program. But his domestic economic plan was a failure, and his negotiations with Israel led to violent criticism at home; Sadat's attempts to crack down on public dissension only made things worse. He was assassinated in 1981 by Islamic fundamentalists who opposed the peace treaty with Israel, and he was succeeded by Hosni Mubarak.
Sadat began peace talks with Egypt’s longtime foe Israel almost immediately. Convinced that peace with Israel would reap an enormous "peace dividend," Sadat initiated his most important diplomatic ploy. In a speech to the Egyptian parliament in 1977, Sadat affirmed his desire to go anywhere to negotiate a peace with the Israelis. Even, he affirmed, he would go to the Israeli parliament to speak for peace. The Israelis responded with an invitation to do just that and Sadat's speech to the Israeli Knesset initiated a new momentum for peace that would eventually culminate in the 1978 Camp David Accords and a final peace treaty with Israel in 1979.
Israel refused Sadat’s terms and Sadat and Syria built a military coalition to retake the territory. This action ignited the October War, from which Sadat emerged with added respect in the Arab community.
Anwar sadat is best known for being the president of Egypt. He ruled from 1970- 1981