CIVIL RIGHTS TIMELINE

Amendment 13th

January 31, 1865

Abolished slavery & involuntary servitude

Amendment 14th

July 9, 1868

"All persons born or naturalized in the United States" which freed former slaves.

Amendment 15th

February 26, 1869

Prohibits federal & state government from denying any citizen the right to vote based on "color,race".

Amendment 19th

June 4, 1909

Women can vote.

Desegregation of Armed Forces

July 26, 1948

President Truman desegregated the Armed Forces with the Executive Order of 9981.  

Dr. King & the Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 5, 1955

African Americans refused to ride city buses in Montgomery,Alabama, to protest against segregated seating.

Civil Rights Act 1957

September 9,1957

Established the Civil Rights Division in the Justice Department, and empowered Federal officials to prosecute any citizens denying another citizens right to vote.

Great Society

1960's

Domestic policies of President Lyndon Johnson.Made contributions to the protection of Civil Rights and the expansion of social programs.

Freedom Riders

March 4, 1961

Groups of people who challenged racial laws in the American South.

Amendment 24th

March 4, 1961

Prohibited any poll tax in elections for federal officials.

March On Washington

August 28, 1963

Political Rally known as the March On Washington for Jobs and Freedom.

Civil Rights Act of 1964

July 2, 1964

Prohibited discrimination in public places, provided the integration of schools and other public facilities, and made employment discrimination illegal.  

Voting Rights of 1965

May 26, 1965

Law passed to eliminate many devices such as literacy test which had been used to restrict African Americans from voting.

Head Start

Summer of 1965

Child development program that helped preschool children with disadvantages.

FHA

April 1968

Prohibited discrimination concerning a sale,rental and financing of house based on a race,religion,national origin or sex.

Amendment 26th

July 1, 1971

Prohibits the States & Federal Gov't from denying the right of a US citizen, eighteen years of age or older to vote.

Title IX

June 23, 1972

Prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education programs or activity.

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