The Aztecs had a long migration that brought them to the Valley of Mexico. They established a capital at Tenochtitlán which is now modern day, Mexico City. Their new kingdom wasn’t a centralized state but a collection of semi independent territories that local lords governed. Their social structures, monarchs, who had a connection with the gods and they held all powers. A council of lords and government officials assisted the ruler of Aztec. Male kids in noble families were sent to temple school where they did military training. Once they were adults, they would select a career in the military service, the government bureaucracy, or the priesthood. As a reward the nobles received large estates from the government. And then the rest of the population consisted of commoners, indentured workers and slaves.
How did they build?
They built by using primitive tools like stones, chisels and blades for their construction, rudimentary tools by modern standards.They used a colorful and easy to cut volcanic stone called tezontle to form the base of their constructions.
What did they eat?
They ate corn, beans, fruit and vegetables and meat. They would grind corn into a dough and make tortillas, used kernels for soup (pozole), corn meal dough was combined with beans and vegetables, wrapped in corn husks and steamed to prepare tamales. Beans were soaked in water for several hours and then boiled until they were soft and they would mix beans with other ingredients like vegetables to make soup or stew.
How did they dress?
Aztec clothing was generally loose fitting and did not completely cover the body. Aztec clothes were generally made of cotton or ayate fiber, made from the Maguey Cactus. The Ancient Aztec clothing of the common people and slaves sometimes covered very little of their bodies. Maguey clothing, rather than the cotton, was the rule. Slaves would only wear a simple loincloth (was made from a long strip of cloth tied in front). Men would wear a cloak made from a triangular cloth known as a tilmatli or tilma. It could be used like an apron to carry things, or worn as a cloak. Women would wear skirts, and a sleeve less blouse or short sleeved shirt.
What kind of gods did they believe in?
There was a supreme god called Ometeotl who represented the all powerful forces of the heavens. Huitzilopochtli the god of the sun and of war. Quetzalcoatl who had a more direct impact on the lives of the people.
How many people lived in their civilization?
By 1500, 4 million people
What kind of stories did they tell?
The story of creation is a story of birth, death, and rebirth. When the world is destroyed, it's born again through the sacrifice of one of the gods, and so through the birth of a new sun.The legend of the five suns - the five births of the world. Five suns, and so five different worlds, have existed. When the story is told, the order of the worlds is sometimes different, sometimes there are even less than five suns, but the general idea remains the same.