In July 1942, when Sevastopol fell under Nazi German control, Tuapse became the main naval for the supply of Soviet troops in the Black Sea region. In August 1942 in the Tuapse Defensive Operation, part of the overall Battle of the Caucasus, Tuapse was the scene of bloody battles between the two forces, and the city was subjected to relentless bombardment by Nazi troops. The Soviet forces managed to halt Nazi troops 23 kilometres (14 mi) from Tuapse, with the loss of some 100,000 lives, and 25,000 dead on the German side. To this day, bodies are still being found in the region, and in the last 10 years, approximately 4,500 bodies have been found and reburied.

Германская аэрофотосъемка. Бомбардировка порта в Туапсе.

Tuapse was conferred the status of “City of Military Glory” by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin on May 5, 2008, for “courage, endurance and mass heroism, exhibited by defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland”.