Ancient Egypt

by Kenny Whipkey

Geography

In Egypt the Nile River ran south to north so that's why South Egypt is higher up than North Egypt. Also Egypt would be all desert with out the Nile. There is a lot of vegetation in Egypt like trees, bushes, and reeds. People also grow many types of crops. Next to Egypt is the Red Sea. The climate of the desert would protect them from intruders.

Stable Food Supply

The Nile provided water for cooking food and growing wheat and crops. They were able to keep there crops growing with the soil from the floods.

Social Structure

In any type of place they have a social pyramid. The Egyptians social pyramid looks like this.

In their government the pharaoh is like our president. He is a big deal because he was the ruler of Egypt until he died then a new ruler would take his place. It is in the shape of a pyramid because there is a lot of slaves and one pharaoh.

Religion

The Ancient Egyptians worshiped many gods.They were often shown with animal heads to represent their magical powers. Ra the god of creation is a falcon with the sun on his head. They believe that Ra created the earth. Anubis is shown with a jackal (dog) head. He was the god of funerals or death he was often painted on tombs. Osiris is shown as a human. He is the god of the under world. Osiris was killed by his brother who wonted to be king. Osiris's wife found him and brought him back to life. Horus is usually shown as a falcon. He is the god of the sky. He was the son of Osiris and Isis. he also lost one of his eyes in a battle agents Osiris's brother. The Egyptians believed in life after death. They buried the kings inside of pyramids some kings told people they were a god for power.

System of Government

The Pharaoh was the leader and he owned everything. His officials to helped him rule. Ramses the second was known as a military leader, had one hundred wives and kids, and one thousand statues of himself. Hatsheput was the first female pharaoh. Then her brother destroyed all of her statues. Khufu was known for building the great Pyramid.

The Arts

The Egyptians were well known for their pyramids that had paintings in them. They also made statues and hieroglyphics for art. They had mines full of gold, silver, turquoise, copper, and lots of precious jewels. The Egyptians used these materials to build sarcophagus. They had enough gold to cover a building.

Advances in Technology

Egyptians invented pens and paper. The paper was made form papyrus and the pens were made out of reed straw or bamboo. They even made a calendar to predict floods. They also made pyramids and coffins. The egytians even made makeup and toothpaste.

Written Language

Egyptians used hieroglyphics, which are pictures that stand for words or things. There were over seven hundred hieroglyphics to learn. Only scribes were to learn the written language. Archaeologists did not know how to read hieroglyphics until they found the Rosetta Stone. It was a story written in Greek, newer Egyptian, and hieroglyphics. The archaeologists understood Greek so they could then translate the other languages.

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