Social Studies Common Exam Review

Democracy: Any form of government in which political power is exercised by all citizens, either directly or through their elected representatives.

Direct Democracy: All citizens participate in government.The citizens vote on everything.   Example: In ancient Athens, Greece, they held assemblies where citizens voted to pass laws.

Representative Democracy: Like direct democracy, all citizens participate in government. Example: United Kingdom

Autocracy: A form of government in which political power is controlled by one individual such as a monarch, dictator, emperor, etc.

Monarchy: Rule by kings, queens, princes, and princesses… sometimes by other names, but always monarchs. Example: United Arab Emirates

Dictatorship: In a dictatorship, power is not inherited, but is acquired by force (military or political)  Example: North Korea

Oligarchy: Oligarchies can often come from or lead to other forms of government (like autocracies). Means "rule by few". Example: The Soviet Union

Theocracy: means it is ruled by  A god or higher power! Example: The Islamic Republic of Iran is a modern theocracy that uses the holy Islamic book, The Qur’an, as its guide.

Anarchy: In an anarchy there is no government to make or enforce laws. Example: Celtic Ireland

Communism: a form of socialism a higher and more advanced form. Example: China