Natural Fibers

Cotton, Wool, Flax, And Silk


The soft, white, downy fiber (boll) attached to the seed of a cotton plant.

Commonly used for : Underwear, Socks, Shirts, Jeans, Towels

- Most widely used of all natural fibers

  • Strong and durable           
  • Absorbent                           
  • Cool to wear                          
  • Shrinks in hot water
  • Wrinkles easily


The fiber that forms the coat (fleece) of sheep.

Commonly used for: Sweater, Tailored Suits, Coats, Blankets, Upholstery, Rugs

-Warmest of all natural fibers

  • Soft and resilient
  • Naturally flame retardant
  • Absorbs moisture
  • Shrinks if machine washed

Affected by moths                                                                                                                                        FLAX:

The Fiber that comes from the stem of a flax plant.

Commonly used for: Pants, Blazers, Table linens, Upholstery

-Linen is made by weaving or knitting flax fiber into fabric

  • Durable and strong
  • Lustrous and smooth
  • Comfortable and cool to wear
  • Wrinkles easily
  • Can be expensive


The fine, lustrous fiber that comes from a cocoon spun by silkworm.

Commonly used for: Wedding gowns, Lingerie, Men's ties

-The silkworm forces two fine streams of a thick liquid out of tiny openings in its head

  • Luxurious appearance and feel
  • Strongest of all natural fibers
  • Drapes nicely
  • Expensive
  • Easily spots if fabric becomes wet

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