Golden Age: (700-900 A.D.)- A time of great learning and cultural diffusion

How it spread

                   Origins: Out of Mecca, East to India, across North Africa, and on into Spain

                   Growth: to spread Islam to other people

                         - Military conquest - took about 100 years to expand most of their empire

                                   - They were great fighters, if they died in battle they believed  they would go directly to heaven (Jihad - Holy War)

                                   - They treated conquered people fairly - better than previous rulers

                         - Trade

                    Battle of tours: (732 A.D.)

                         - in Southern France

                         - The French Christians, under Charles Martel, defeated the Muslims and stopped their advance into Europe

Contributions to our Society

Mathematics:                                                          Astronomy:

-spread Gupta math ideas                                        -learned from Greek ideas

-created Algebra and Trigonometry                           -study of the stars; created astronomic tables

Medicine:                                                               Islamic Law:

-created hospitals                                                   -based on Islamic religious laws in the Qur'an

-wrote medical textbooks                                        -became the basis for political laws in the empire

-doctors required to pass exams to practice medicine

Architecture:                                                           Banking:

-influenced by Byzantine and Indian styles                -used money

                                                                            -allowed credit (money borrowing) to be used

Preservers to Greek and Roman culture:

-preserved Roman and Greek ideas that they got from their contacts with the Byzantine Empire

-preserved them

-they improved upon them (i.e. translated Roman writing)

Muslim Empire

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