Elements and Principles of Design

Point:Can be described by coordinates on a plane and Used to indicate a location
Line:Has only a length dimension and can be free flowing Curved - Represents freedom, the natural, having the appearance of softness
Color: Hue: base color (e.g., red)
Value:Allows us to perceive shapes and the illusion of 3D objects on a 2D surface
Shape:A 2D area enclosed by lines or curves.....Geometric: square, circle, triangle
Form: 3D volume or solid Often implied on a 2D surface by careful use of value
Space:Areas between and around parts of an image or the implied depth in that image
Texture: The surface look or feel Rough Absorbs more light Appears darker
Visual and physical balance Asymmetrical Balance:The elements within the design are not identical but are arranged to provide a balance
Emphasis: Focal Point – feature in a design that attracts the eye
Contrast: The degree of relative difference between elements
Gradated Rhythm:The repeated element is identical with the exception of one detail increasing or decreasing gradually with each repetition
Proportion: The relative size of one object in comparison to another.
unity : Completeness and harmony
Economy :In simplicity there is beauty
Triangle: A polygon with three sides
Square: A regular polygon with four sides and four 90 degree angles
Circle: a round plane figure whose boundary (the circumference) consists of points equidistant from a fixed point
rectangle:a plane figure with four straight sides and four right angles, especially one with unequal adjacent sides, in contrast to a square
Round: shaped like or approximately like a sphere

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