Industrial Revolution: The Typewriter
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The typewriter was invented for the first time for commercial use in 1868. It was invented by the Americans named Christopher Latham Sholes, Carlos Glidden, and Samuel W. Soule in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The keys on the keyboard would jam very often so James Danmore proposed the idea of the qwerty keyboard which slowed down the speed of typing and reduced the amount of jamming. However, Sholes was never able to receive enough funding or organize a factory to produce the typewriter so he sold the rights of the typewriter to James Denmore. He then convinced the Remington Arms Company to market the typewriter to the public. In 1874, the first typewriter was sold to the public but did not do well until Remington changed some of the characteristics and started to succeed a few years later.

The Remington typewriter

Where was the first typewriter invented?

What was the purpose of the typewriter?

The typewriter was a tool used by people to print letters onto a piece of paper. It was used by people pressing on the keys that would cause a small stamp of that letter or number to be produced upon the page. One of the main purposes of the typewriter was being able to write letters or other documents quicker than writing them by hand.

Positive/Negative Effects

One of the positive effects of the typewriter was that more women were able to receive a job in a business office as a typist. This happened because the wages were very low so that not many men wanted to fill this position. As typewriters became more common, women's rights would become better, and less women would work in shops, factories, and domestic services.There would be more women typists in business offices which was considered more of a respectable job that would pay better than the factory jobs. It also organized the office into a more organized place where they wouldn't spend as much time on creating documents. Also, it allowed for people to read articles instead of trying to understand someone's handwriting. One of the negative effects of the typewriter was that it was much more expensive than normal handwriting since people were forced to buy ink that might smear and make a document unreadable. If someone were to make a mistake while they were typing they would be unable to hit backspace and might have to rewrite a document.

How it Works

To type on a typewriter you will press on a key of the letter that you want to appear on the page. The lever connected to the key will then swing the type hammer that has the letter on it. A ribbon of inked cloth will then hit the paper before the type hammer does so that the letter shows on the page with ink. Finally, the typewriter will move the type hammer back as you lift off of the key and the carriage will move the paper to the next space.

Today's Version of the Typewriter

The version of the typewriter that is used today is the computer/laptop. It allows you to type much quicker and is able to do much more than a typewriter was able to do.

The Impact on the Conflict Between the Northern and Southern Parts of the United States of America

As the typewriter was more commonly used, there were more reporters on the civil war. This allowed for more people to understand what was really happening during the war and construct their opinion of which side, the South or North, they were going to support. Also, it allowed for more people to record what was occurring in the war for communication with others.

By Ethan Hagmann