World's Fair Exhibit of 19th-Century
The Technological developments in transportation and communication in Great Britian
They had very few types of transportation and communication in Great Britain in the 19th-Century. There was roads made, as well as rail roads to travel a long distance in a shorter time. In communication they made telegraphs to send to people, it was like sending a letter through the mail or an email on the computer.
There were a few kinds of transportation: Steam boats and Railroads were 2 of the main ways of transportation. Railroads- The invention of the railroads, again, changed the way goods and people traveled. Products could be moved cheaply and much faster. Railroads for steam powered trains were introduced in the united states in the 1830's. After about 5 years, small local railroads were operating, but only going a few miles. By the 1840's railroads crossed the state of New York.
Steam boats was another way of transportation. Transportation took place on land and on waterways. Robert Fulton launched the first steam boat in 1807. The first steam boat traveled at a speed of 5 miles per hour (MPH). Soon Fulton was providing regular passenger service on the Hudson River from New York to Albany. Once steam boats became faster and more powerful, they became more and more popular. They soon replaced the horse and mule- powered barges on the canals. By 1830 steamboats were the most popular way to travel on the rivers and waterways throughout the united states.
For transportation there was canal systems and railways developed. The steam engine was made in 1765. An engineer, Cugnot, was the first made self-propelled steam vehicle(aka a train). In 1807, commercial steam boat services were inaugurated. 1814, steam railways was usually for hauling coal (The heavier loads required less power).
The communication was changed as well. Telegraphs replaced mail, it was invented in 1844. Government subsidized steamers carried mail, supplies and passengers. There was also the Pony Express, they would deliver letters. When some British officials wanted to communicate with London and the naval base at Portsmouth in the early 1800s, they utilized a system called a semaphore chain: which was another type of telegraph. In the 1800's communication was hard and slow, adults didn't know how to read or right well. Mail sent could have been stolen or lost. The telegraph made sending and receiving messages much quicker, and had very few problems. Not every town could send telegraphs, it was very expensive. It improved communication, but was not easy for everyone to use.
The telephone: It was invented in 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell. The first phone call that was made over wires was carried just over 8 miles. Within a year, called were placed over 100 miles away. By the end of 1880, almost 50,000 telephones were used in the united states.
photos from Google Images