Chapter 3: Classical Civilization- India

India was a prime classical civilization that eventually thrived with different cultures and religions as a result of outside influences such as trade.

India's Geography and Formative Period

  • First civilizations emerged along the Indus rivers: Indus Valley Civilizations
  • The Himalayas linked India to other civilizations resulting in active trading
  • India's separate regions explain economic diversity and racial and language difference
  • The Mauryan dynasty built the largest empire in India
  • The Gupta dynasty arose after Mauryan's and established religious authority
  • The Great Epics brought social structure to India

Patterns in Classical India

  • Regional political units grew in size
  • Cities and trade expanded
  • Sanskrit developed
  • Vedas were used to unite India linguistically and culturally
  • People's role in society were heavily determined by economic factors

Political Institutions

  • Political culture in India was not elaborate
  • Political features included: regionalism and diversity
  • Caste systems and religious encouragement promoted public order
  • Power rested with those who controlled the land

Religion and Culture

  • Hindu religion was a cultural cement to society
  • Hinduism developed gradually because it pursued a number of religious approaches
  • Hinduism broke down leading to Buddhism

Economy and Society

  • Caste system promoted tolerance
  • Agricultural based society
  • Land= power and authority
  • Focused on wealth, religion, and family life

India Influences and Comparative Features

  • A major civilization expanding influence beyond its borders
  • Seen as a patchwork of cultures, values, and religion
  • India and China borrowed from each other: villages, land=power, merchants social ranking, Buddhism

Comment Stream