Masculine and Feminine Adjectives

Matching Adjectives & Nouns

All of the vocabulary words below are adjectives, or words that describe someone and show what they are like.  In Spanish, we have to change the ending of an adjective to match the GENDER (masculine or feminine) of the noun it describes.  


—How do we know if a noun is masculine or feminine?

  • ◦The article (the) in front of the word (el = masculine, la = feminine)
  • ◦The ending of the word (“o” is usually masculine and “a” is usually feminine)

How to Change Adjectives

Read through the explanation on the picture below about the steps for changing an adjective to match the gender of the noun it describes.  


Now, copy the short summary below into the grammar section of your notebook.  We are copying it into your notebook so you will have something to reference in class when computers aren't open.  

  • —For most adjectives, change the ending to “o” if the word it describes is masculine and “a” if it’s feminine.  (Marco es artístico. Marta es artística.)
  • —If the adjective ends in “e,” you don’t need to change the ending. (Marco es inteligente. Marta es inteligente.)
  • —If the adjective ends in “dor,” add “a” to make it “dora” for feminine words.  (Marco es trabajador. Marta es trabajadora.)


DIRECTIONS: Copy and paste the questions below into a new Google doc.  Rewrite the word in parentheses to match the gender of the person or thing it is describing.  

Ejemplo: La chica es _______. (perezoso/a).  La chica tells me the word is feminine, so I write perezosa with an a.  La chica es perezosa.

1.Sara es _________. (artístico/a)

2.Marco es _________. (atrevido/a)

3.La chica es __________. (gracioso/a)

4.El chico es __________. (inteligente)

5.La amiga es ___________. (trabajador/a)

6.El amigo es __________. (deportista)


When you've finished the notes and practice above, watch the videos below for some examples and learn about a new, different way to use this.  

Going Above and Beyond

A video about how to describe people's physical characteristics instead of their personalities.  

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