Momentum is the strength or force that something has when it is moving, also known as the product of an object's mass and velocity.
Conservation of Momentum is a conservating law stating that the total linear momentum of a closed system remains constant through time, regardless of other possible changes within the system.
Momentum= (mass)(velocity) P=MV
P is represented as Momentum from the latin word "Petere" which means "to go towards." They couldn't use "M" because it was already used for mass.
A heavy moving van can have the same momentum as a small motorcycle because the van could be heavier and slower and the motorcycle could be lighter but faster.
A sticky collision is when two objects with the same mass stick together after a collision and a non-sticky collision is when two objects with the same mass don't stick together after a collision.
An elastic collision is an encounter between two bodies in which the total kinetic energy of the two bodies after the encounter is equal to their total kinetic energy before the encounter. Elastic collisions occur only if there is no net conversion of kinetic energy into other forms.
An inelastic collision is a collision in which the kinetic energy is not conserved.
The type of collision would be inelastic collision because if you throw a piece of clay at the ground, it would stop. Therefore it's energy was not lost, just formed into a different type of energy.
Angular momentum, also known as rotational momentum, is the measure of the amount of rotation an object has.