Road to the Civil War
Fugitive Slave Law
The Fugitive Slave Law was a law that was passed by the House of Representatives in 1793 on February 4th. It was approved on February 12, 1793. It stated that if any slave ran than he would be caught and and returned.
It impacted the north because it became harder to help slaves runaway to freedom. Instead of just moving to northern states the slaves had to move into Canada to become free. For those who were helping slaves could face up to a $1,000 fine and 6 months in jail.
It impacted the South because the slaves were coming back to their "owners". This act illustrated that the government was favoring the southern plantation owners and their "property". Also the population increased in the south, causing their House of Representative numbers to increase; meaning that there were more Southern Democrats and less Northern Republicans.
Compromise of 1850
The compromise of 1850 was about how the slave states and the free states of the North and south regarding the acquired territories during the Mexican-American War. The compromise was taken(drafted) by Henry Clay. Henry Clay was a whig senator of Kentucky but was brokered by the democratic Senator Stephen Douglas. The compromise ended up with grief but the two sides still did not like each other.
It impacted the North pretty good they gained a couple things. The first thing that happened was California got admitted as a free state. The next thing that happened was that slave trade was prohibited in Washington D.C . Texas loses boundary dispute with New Mexico.
It impacted the South because there was no slavery restrictions in Utah or New Mexico territories. Slaveholding was permitted in Washington D.C . Also Texas gets $10 million dollars. It had the Fugitive Slave Law.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Uncle Tom's Cabin was a novel. It was the second best selling novel in that century. The author was Harriet Stowe. Harriet Stowe wrote the novel "Uncle Tom's Cabin" because he was a abolitionist and he was trying to put a stop to slavery along with all the other abolitionist including "David Walker"(etc.)
The way the Uncle Tom's Cabin impacted the North and the South was that the people didn't like it and had an outrage. The people in the North and the South counted the book as being irresponsible. The book was made to try and stop slavery. She was an abolitionist and she was trying to help god rid of it and it happened.
The Bleeding Kansas started in 1854 on the Kansas/Missouri border. The Bleeding Kansas was a "Violent Political Confrontation", in the United States involving the anti-slavery Free states and Slave states.
The way that it impacted for the North and the South was that the southerners had slavery that was permitted in all territories. The Kansas-Nebraska Act led the North and south to have hate, anger, and violence towards each other. In the South is slavery was not permitted in the territories slavery would never gain power and the southern power in the congress would erode.
The Kansas Nebraska Act occurred in 1854. It created new territories for Kansas and Nebraska opening lands for people to settle at. It had and effect of putting an end to the Missouri Compromise in 1820. This allowed white male settlers in the territories to determine popular sovereign for whether or not they would allow slavery in the state.
The Kansas-Nebraska Act was the event that led to the brutal war of the North and the South. There was a political problem. When Douglas but the bill out there was a lot of money that got gone because it was a high bill. The bill split the Whig party. Almost all the southern whig voted for it to happened. Northern Whigs reorganized themselves with other non-slavery interests to become the republican party, of Abraham Lincoln
Dred Scott Case
The Dred Scott Case started in 1857. This event was made because they declared that all blacks (slaves & free) wont and could not never become a US citizen's. Also the court declared that the Missouri Compromise of 1820 was to be unconstitutional, and when this happened it permitted slavery in all of the country's territories.
The Dred Scott case affected north because the Northerners thought that slavery was tolerable as long as it stayed in the South and didn't come to the North. They won't to happy when the congress had to regulate slavery in new territories, because slavery could have easily spread throughout the free states. All the fear that the North had against slavery went to the South and basically caused the civil war.
The way that the Dred Scott case effected the South was that the southern side didn't like what the North did with the case Scott v.s Sanford. The South saw it as a indication of the start of slavery for them and they didn't like it. After the case the southerners and the northerners would get ready for battle as they fought in the civl war.
Lincoln/ Douglas Debates
The Lincoln and Douglas debate happened in 1858. This event was a series of seven debates, between Abraham Lincoln, Republican Candidate, Stephen Douglas and the Democratic Party. They fought to win the control of the Illinois legislature.
The North greatly supported Lincoln's Opposition. The North disagreed highly with popular sovereignty. They knew that the civil war was coming.
The South supported Douglas. The South was angry from the Freeport doctrine. Also the south was made because of the Dred Scott situation.
John Brown at Harper's Ferry.
Occurred in 1859. John Brown was an abolitionist and he started an armed slave revolt by seizing a US arsenal at the Harper's Ferry in Virginia. It was an attack by John Brown and 20 men that was in his party.
The northerners actually admired John Brown. Majority of the north side was on John Browns side and took his side because of the courage and the bravery he had. So the north wasn't really affected by him they helped each other.
But the southerners were shocked and mad that the Northerners took his side. Southern politicians blamed the Republican Party and falsely claimed that Abraham Lincoln supported Brown's intentions